PSYCHODYNAMIC THEORY The word psychodynamic means to a large group of theories that affects the It is a way that tells that personality of the mind exists in the conscious, subconscious and unconscious states like the unconscious wishes, feelings and thoughts. This theory is presented by Sigmund Freud in which he mentions that personality contains three components which are the id, the ego and the superego. These all work collaboratively in order to make complex human behaviours. Id is associated with the way of thinking or the natural ability and the crave for pleasure. Ego is associated with the intervene in the agreement among them with the need of the reality.
According to Sigman Freud, the first key concepts to Psychoanalytic Therapy is Personality Construction. Personality Construction consists of the Id, Ego and Superego. Every individual consist of these elements of personality. The Id is driven by pleasure principal. The Ego operates on reality principal and thinks logically.
The Psychoanalytic Theory represents one of the most sweeping contributions to the field of personality. This theory proposes that our childhood experiences and unconscious desires influence our behavior (Talvitie, 2012). William Ford Gibson an American-Canadian writer once wrote, "When you want to know how things really work, study them when they 're coming apart.” The Psychoanalytic theory consists mainly of using methods to bring out unconscious material that needs work on. Understanding as well as establishing that there are all sorts of forces that affect one life which attribute in making us into the individuals that we are at present. Recognizing the division of personality in the,”ID”Ego”, and Super ego and that the unconscious is an important part of who we are and noting that anxiety plays a big function in how one reacts to the world at large and highlighting Freud’s theory on defense mechanism to help one cope with such anxieties.
Beck (2012), explain what separates psychodynamic theory from other theories and is unique and exclusive, is the concept of unconscious. Psychodynamic theories emphasize the importance of our unconscious mental life. In psychodynamic theory, emotions are data about the inner mental life, and it is in that perspective as the informants from the unconscious that emotions must be understood. Psychodynamics is a collective term for all the models and descriptions of the psyche that are primarily preoccupied with unconscious processes. Psychodynamic theory includes theoretical sub-disciplines about personality, development, groups, including social psychology, leadership, role, organization, and about phenomena such as resistance and relations.
Sigmund Freud (1949) explains the corpus tenet on which psychoanalytic theory is based. He began with an explanation of the three forces of the psychical setup the id, the self, and the superego. The id has the tone of being unconscious and contains everything that is inherited, everything that is present at parentage, and the instincts (Freud, 1949, p. XIV ). The ego has the tone of being conscious and is responsible for dominance the demand of the id and of the instincts, becoming aware of stimuli, and serving as a link between the id and the external human race. In gain, the ego responds to stimulation by either adaptation or escape, regulates bodily function, and strives to achieve pleasure and avoid unpleasure (Freud, 1949, p. 14-15).
Meanwhile, Albert Ellis and Aaron T. Beck were the key figures involved in the development of a cognitive-behavioral theory, setting the basic tenets for the approach. This method has its origins from both psychodynamic and behavioral theory and comprises a number of different therapies that have some similar elements in common. The main postulate of the psychodynamic approach is deriving from the belief that every mental dysfunction that takes place is due to the conflict between unconscious and subconscious processes. Thereby, such processes affect one’s behavior, emotions and eventually makes an unaware individual see the world from a negative viewpoint. Since this approach was mainly based on Freud’s earlier psychoanalysis theory, it comprises a number of ideas concerning interrelations of the mind’s forces.
DEFINITION OF PSYCHOANALYTIC MODEL The psychodynamic model of the human mind can be defines as a methodical or organised study and psychological theory that lie beneath human behaviour, which lays emphasis on the inner play between the unconscious and the conscious mind. This model is ultimately as a result of Freud’s Psychoanalytic theory. Freud’s theory stated that the mind consists of three vital parts which are the conscious, subconscious and the unconscious which all together formed what he called the “Mental Iceberg”. The Psychodynamic model focuses its interest on the role which the childhood experience of an individual plays in the future of the individual’s mental health. The psychodynamic model consists of groups of theories which
The Id, Ego and Superego make complete sense to any person who might be interests in learning about the Psyche. Freud’s use of the psychoanalytic theory is relevant when explaining my current behaviour in regards to my past experiences that have occurred throughout my lifetime. Freud’s theory does apply to my own life as he made his theory a way to help understand and focus on the behavioural problems of the human being, and to resolve them in a way that forces me to accept my own destructive
Psychoanalytic Theory and Its Social Application Universal and apparent in human is the use of humor in social interaction. In this paper one will examine humor through the discipline of Psychology, centering the focus on that of Psychoanalytic Theory as expounded by Sigmund Freud. The first half of the paper will take the form of an analytic approach, addressing the underlying theories that drive and explain human behavior. The second half of the paper will concentrate on the application aspect, drawing concrete examples using the theories described in the first part of the paper. As a whole, the paper aim towards the integration of theory with its practices in everyday life.
Freud (1949) explains the essential tenets on which psychoanalytic concept are based totally. He starts with an explanation of the three forces of the psychical equipment--the identification (id), the ego, and the superego. The id has the best of being subconscious and incorporates the whole lot this is inherited, the whole thing that is gift at delivery, and the instincts (Freud, 1949, p. 14). The ego has the quality of being conscious and is responsible for controlling the needs of the id and of the instincts, turning into aware about stimuli, and serving as a hyperlink between the id and the outside world. In addition, the ego responds to stimulation by means of either variation or flight, regulates pastime, and strives to reap satisfaction and keep away from unpleasure (Freud, 1949, p. 14-15).