It also encourages the cognitive apprentice approach where reflective practices of learner (learner-self interaction) and the interaction between the learner and the facilitator are crucial, similar to my personal lens. The function of context is another aspect of my personal lens aligns with the established theory where contextual learning is the key. Using authentic contextual experiences that are decided by learners drive the learning experiences in my kind of classroom. Finally, with regards to the role of facilitators, both views support that educators should provide guidance from reliance to gradually move to independent
Problem-solving (Billett, 1996) is central to thinking, acting and learning. However, reference to problem-solving includes responses to both routine and non-routine problems set in social circumstances. Problem-solving requires the learner to categorize their existing knowledge, whether it is propositional, procedural and dispositional, to direct a response to secure a solution to an existing problem situation. This process will not only generate new knowledge, but reinforces existing ones. This process of solving problems in the workplace will result in having a cognitive consequence to the learners.
The lesson wheel is also focused on the learner by means of the SMART task that is formulated according to the ability and proficiency of the learners. In the process of planning a lesson with help of the lesson wheel, the learners’ strengths and weaknesses are taken into consideration. On account of learners constructing their own meaning of information, the information that they have to deal with should interest them. The pertinent question is the part of the lesson wheel that grasps the learners’ interest and therefore it is possible for them to construct meaning from the lesson. Vygotsky introduced the concept of the More Knowledgeable Other (MKO) (2016:61) and hence learners do not necessarily have to gain knowledge from the teacher.
This is because changes in the behavior of students is the impact on students ' thinking process. This theory focuses on the process of knowing and acquiring knowledge through information processing by means of discussion, reasoning, problem solving and brainstorming activities. This theory is also closely associated with the process of storing information. A psychological cognitivism said that learning involves the use of memory, motivation and thinking and therefore software designers must consider the materials for learning should ensure that there are activities for the various learning styles10. In addition, the teaching strategies should highlight important information and content to enhance the learning process.
Experiential Learning plays an impeccable role keeping knowledge and conceptual learning in mind. The students not only deal with real life situations but also go through case studies, research, surveys, problem solving and decision making activities which support student learning to its brim. Experiential Learning is envisioned as a transformation from instructivist to constructivist; from teacher centric to student centric; a focus on the system from local learning to global learning. In today’s fast paced competitive world the students get an opportunity to learn the skills instead of theoretical knowledge. The classrooms are converted into labs where students learn through their hands on activities so that they can deepen their knowledge through repeatedly acting and then reflecting on the action.
Today’s classrooms require indistinctive ways and a different set of teaching modules and techniques in order to ensure minimal disengagement. Lessons should have more social engagement, interactive learning and customized content for students to show interest in a particular subject. Jane could add group work to her lessons to make it more interactive as interaction is pivotal to cognitive development and influences the development of learning. As mentioned by Wolfe (2001), students learn more effectively when they are more actively engaged in their own learning. Students are affected by their own beliefs and their own
Through exploring and problem solving, students take on an active role to create, integrate, and generalize knowledge. Instead of engaging in passively accepting information through lecture or drill and practice, students establish broader applications for skills through activities that encourage risk taking, problem solving, and an examination of unique experiences (Bicknell- Holmes & Hoffman, 2000). Expression of this attribute of Discovery Learning essentially changes the roles of students and teachers and is a radical change difficult for many teachers to accept (Hooks,
It occurs as a part of everyday teaching and learning and uses information from ongoing assessment to shape classroom teaching and learning. Assessment as learning puts the students in active role as learners, using assessment information to self-assess, regulate and monitor their learning progress. Assessment is important for several reasons: 1. Assessment result provide qualitative information that helps faculty determine how they might improve courses and/or programs through changes in curriculum, teaching methodologies, course materials or other areas. When integrated into the planning cycle for curriculum development and review, assessment results can provide powerful rationale for securing support for curricular and other changes.
What more! Create learning opportunities and allow space for individual approaches to learning. Most importantly in an effective teaching, teacher act as a facilitator and allows students to take responsibilities for their own learning but not indoctrinating knowledge to the students head. Teachers play a vital role in teaching and learning that enhance students to become independent and critical thinkers while modeling life-long learners. In addition, the role of a teacher is to reach the heart and mind of the children, expand their intellect and knowledge.
Introduction Enhancing learning for students involves more than just being able to apply general learning and teaching principles or guidelines. In Educational Studies 1: Classroom Learning and Student Development, we have been learned about how students learn. Most importantly, it involves inquiry-based activities which familiarize us with the roles of teachers in promoting learning and catering for student diversity and individual differences. Throughout the past lessons, one of the most influential, inspiring theories is the theories of motivation to understand and improve educational processes, which means helping our students see the true value of what they are doing and giving them reasonable expectation of success in achieving it.