Importance Of Agriculture In Agriculture

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IMPORTANCE: 1. Control of Drought and Famines Insufficient, uncertain and irregular rain causes uncertainty in agriculture. The period of rain is restricted to only four months in a year, June to September, when monsoon arrives. The remaining eight months are dry. There is some rainfall during the months of December and January in some parts of the country. Even during monsoon, the rainfall is scanty and undependable in many parts of the country. Sometimes the monsoon delayed considerably while sometimes they cease prematurely. This pushes large areas of the country into drought conditions. With the help of irrigation, droughts and famines can be effectively controlled. 2. Higher productivity on irrigated land: Productivity on irrigated land is considerably more than the productivity on un-irrigated land. 3. Multiple cropping possible: Since India has a tropical and sub-tropical climate, it has potentialities to grow crops on a year round basis. However, since 80% of the annual rainfall is received in less than four months, multiple cropping is generally not possible. Provision of irrigation facilities can make possible the growing of two or three crops in a year in most areas of the country. This will considerably enhance agriculture production and productivity. 4. Role in new agricultural strategy: The successful implementation of the High Yielding Programme enhances agricultural production in a great intent. 5. Bringing more land under cultivation: Total reporting area

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