What Is The Importance Of Agriculture Essay

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modern tools and implements are used, skilled labour is usually employed, or returns are high, Pest and diseases are usually controlled, mostly practiced by very rich farmers or companies.
Agriculture has many branches which allow people to specialized and gain employment in those Some branches of agriculture includes Agronomy, Soil science, Animal science, Agricultural engineering, Agricultural economics, Agricultural extension education, home economics, Horticulture, Forestry, Fisheries, Veterinary Medicine etc.
Importance of agriculture.
Contribution to National Income: Agriculture is the premier source of our national income. The foreign exchange could be made from the exportation of agricultural surplus would create room for income to the government. The mere conclusion of all this is that more developed a country the smaller is the contribution of agriculture in national output.
Source of Livelihood: In advanced countries, this ratio is very small being 5 per cent in U.K., 4 per cent in USA., 16 per cent in Australia, 14 per cent in France, 21 per cent in Japan. This high proportion in agriculture is due to the fact that the non-agricultural activities have not been developed to absorb the rapidly growing population.
Employment Opportunities/ reduction in unemployment: The agricultural sector is
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The function of the proletariat within the capitalist system is to provide a "reserve army of labour" that creates downward pressure on wages. This is accomplished by dividing the proletariat into surplus labour (employees) and under-employment (unemployed). This reserve army of labour fight among themselves for scarce jobs at lower and lower wages. Marx suggested that the best way of reducing unemployment is by eliminating capitalism and the system of force wage competition and moving into a socialist
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