Moreover rural areas became urban and industrialized following advances in agriculture, industry and shipping . British economy has been dominate by agriculture system for the centuries . At 18th century new farming systems was created that produced larger quantities for example food that can feed larger population. Great political and economic give many advantages to the British in 19th century. Despite the phenomenon of urban and industrial ,agriculture remain as the main source as supporting and supporter in industry.
Followed by new crops and techniques, increases in output and land improvement, but also urban growth, agriculture became much more productive. Institutions such as enclosures and large farms are said to have increased productivity by encouraging farmers to adopt those new crops and techniques. However, there is little direct evidence for the actual impact of changes in land tenure on agricultural productivity. Indeed, the consequences of the enclosure movement on agricultural productivity has been a deeply debated topic in English economic history. The Bing-Bang was a trigger for the agricultural revolution.
Agriculture has been the pillar of Indian economy which is prevalently rural in nature & is still commanded by agriculture. It is demographically the most stretched out economic division & assumes a critical part in the socio-financial fabric of the nation. Two-third of the populace is dependent on the farming straightforwardly or by implication. The contribution of agriculture in Indian GDP is almost 14%. It is not just a wellspring of livelihood indeed it is an
Diversification of agriculture is described as the economic development of non agricultural activities (Start, 2001). A diversified agricultural economy generates the needed opportunities in the rural areas. Soil fertility can be increased by way of crop rotation. It adds value in the agriculture by increasing the total crop productivity and at the same time stabilizes the farm income by minimizing the risk associated with only one crop. Diversification in India has become the need of the hour since majority of the farmers in India have small landholdings and their income from crop cultivation as well as non farm income is not sufficient to meet their subsistence level.
During the Bronze Age, domestication of plants and animals transformed the profession of the early humans from hunting and gathering to selective hunting, herding and finally to settled agriculture. Eventually farming enabled people to establish settlements and expand urban based societies. Agriculture depends quite heavily on the advances that have been made in science, and chemistry in particular, to maximize the yield of crops and animal products. Fertilizers, pesticides, and antibiotics play ever increasing roles in this field. An article named Role of Chemistry 's in Feeding Growing World says, “A recent assessment found that about 40 to 60% of crop yields are attributable to commercial fertilizer use”( Chemistry2011.org).
To be more specific, agriculture in Nepal provides livelihood to more than 70% of the total working population and contributes more than 33.5% of the GDP. This reflects that in the present context of Nepalese economy, no other economic sector deserves as much attention as agriculture does (Kharel.et.al, 2010). Agriculture including farming, forestry and livestock is the main source of employment, livelihood and income generation of people of rural areas of Nepal. The annual growth rate of the agricultural sector has gradually increased from
NATIONAL AGRICULTURE POLICY INTRODUCTION: “Agriculture is expound as backbone of the Indian economy. Why because of agriculture “sector is playing significant role in the GDP (Gross Domestic Product) in 1950s this share was more than 55% but now it’s declined till has 25 %. Second thing is more than 60% workforce dependent on agriculture. Third thing is agriculture sector provide the raw material for the industrial sector. Besides, agriculture is a source of livelihood and food security for large majority of vast population of India.
Not all subsistence farmers have access to as much land as they can cultivate. Many times, socioeconomic conditions prevent an expansion of farming plots and any increase in produce levels. Gradually, technology was introduced into the Ghanaian agricultural system which has given a facelift to agriculture in the
NATIONAL AGRICULTURE POLICY INTRODUCTION: “Agriculture is expound as backbone of the Indian economy. Why because of agriculture “sector is playing significant role in the GDP (Gross Domestic Product) in 1950s this share was more than 55% but now it has declined to 25 %. Secondly, more than 60% of workforce dependent on agriculture. Thirdly, agriculture sector provides the raw material for the industrial sector. Besides, agriculture is a source of livelihood and food security for large majority of vast population of India.
Nowadays, agriculture had become one of the most important economic activities in the world. Around the world, agriculture activity can provide fibre, feed, fuel and food to support human’s life. However, according to World Population Prospects of United Nations, the population of human will increase close to 8 billion in year 2020. These indicate that the competitions between human that crave for same amount of natural resources will increasing. Due to this fact, agriculture automation system plays an important role in the society to solve the problems and agricultural production needs.