Agriculture sector is a vital component of Pakistan’s economy as it provides the raw materials to down the line industries and helps in poverty alleviation. This sector contributed 19.8 percent in GDP and it remains by far the largest employer absorbing 42.3 percent of the country’s total labour force. The high potential of this sector in earning valuable foreign exchange has been greatly realized through taping the potential in value addition sectors. The agriculture mix of Pakistan is heavily based on important crops (wheat, rice, sugarcane maize and cotton) which account for 23.55 percent of the value added in overall agriculture and 4.67 percent of GDP. The other crops account for 11.36 percent of the value added in overall agriculture
After the independence our Government made plans for the development of its agriculture. Dams were constructed across many of the main rivers and canals were dug out to provide water for the irrigation of the land. Tube-wells and pump-sets were provided to the farmers to irrigate the fields, where canal water could not reach. The use of better seeds, fertilizers and new techniques in agriculture, has brought about a revolution called the Green Revolution in agriculture. India’s agriculture produce has increased manifolds, but the progress is still hot sufficient.
A) Net sown area: The net sown area is the most important purpose of land use in the field of agriculture geography. The net sown area is the land which is using cultivated for raising the crops. In the year of 1981-82 total net sown area in the study region is 5928 hundred hectors and it was 68.00 percentage of the total geographical area. In the year of 2011-12 total net sown area in the study region is 6377 hundred hectors and 74.06 percentage of the total geographical area of study region. The spatio temporal variation in net sown area is fluctuation in the study period.
Karachi is the biggest mega city of Pakistan and hosts more than 18 million people. It is the capital of Sindh, and also the hub of the country’s commercial activity. Most of the businesses that operate in the country have their head offices in Karachi, as well as various factories, manufacturing plants, and a wide range of retail and service sectors. It also hosts the country’s main port and hence is the capital of trade as well. It’s fast pace of technological and infrastructural development, along with the various educational and economic opportunities, the city has attracted a huge amount of migrants from other cities and rural areas.
The consumption of water for non-irrigation purpose increases to 62% from 1995-2025 (IWMI, 2002). According to the scenario, future conflicts among the nation will be on ease access to water (PSF, 1999). Pakistan has a rich and vast natural resource base, covering various ecological and climatic zones; hence the country has great potential for producing all types of food commodities. Agriculture has an important direct and indirect role in generating economic growth. The importance of agriculture to the economy is seen in three ways: first, it provides exchange earnings; and third, it provides a market for industrial goods.
Lahore is the capital of the province Punjab and is the second largest city in terms of population in the country. Since this City is historical one and has undergone a remarkable expansion, growth and developmental activities such as buildings, road construction, and loss of prime agricultural fields as well as many other anthropogenic activities since 1970’s .This situation is like many other provincial capitals of the country, such as Karachi, Peshawar and Quetta as well as many developing cities of the country. ( Temporal Analysis of Land Use and Land Cover Changes in Lahore-Pakistan S. A. Shirazi ,Pakistan Vision Vol. 13 No. 1 ) The first few years after the Independence in 1947, in spite of a large influx of migrants from East Punjab (India) and a significant increase in the population, Lahore did not experience much of urban development.
Major food grain crops are Wheat, Paddy, Bajara, Maize etc. Cotton, Ground nut and Mustard are important oilseeds crops of the Gujarat and has well-known achievement in production and productivity situation in cotton, castor and ground nut. Cotton is the most important crop of Gujarat which covers 26.33 lakh hector area under cultivation and produced 98.25 lakh bales during 2010-11 which is 1/3 production of the country. Gujarat is having highest productivity in world for castor. Gujarat is produced 84% of total castor production in India.
EXPLORATION ON BIOMASS POWER FOR DEMAND SIDE MANAGEMENT Pratyasha Tripathy*, C.K.Panigrahi* and B.Ghosh** *School of Electrical Engineering, KIIT University, Bhubaneswar, India **Leverhulme Visiting Professor, Newcastle University, UK Email id: firstname.lastname@example.org Abstract – India being an agricultural country, its economy depends primarily on agriculture. The eastern and south eastern part of the country has rice as their staple food. Processing of the rice require 1200 calorie of heat and 30Wh of electricity. Most of the rice mills are in rural areas and are either parboiling type or raw type. Owing to lack in quality electricity, the rice millers opt for captive power sources run by the diesel fuel.
As the second largest province of the country, the economy of Sindh has had a pivotal role in the economic development of Pakistan as a whole. Currently, the majority of Sindh’s economy is contributed to by the services sector, followed by the manufacturing and agricultural sectors respectively. Sindh is also home to Karachi; Pakistan’s largest city in terms of population and economic contribution. The economy of Sindh has greatly benefitted from the economy of Karachi which is its financial and industrial hub and capital city. In the past few decades, the GSP per capita of Sindh has risen to be the highest in Pakistan, the province has rapidly urbanized, new industries have been set up and the occurrence of poverty has decreased.