Importance Of Agriculture

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Agriculture is the most important activity of a human being. Agriculture played a key role in the development of human civilization. Indian economy has been considered as an agrarian economy with ¾ of its population in villages having agriculture and allied activities as their prime occupation. In India most of the population gives importance to agriculture because it provides both food and livelihood to more than half of the population, also supplies lot of goods and raw materials required by the non-agriculture sectors. In short agriculture plays a significant role in the economic development process of a country. In recent years the agriculture sector has facing uncomfortable situation because of Industrialization and Urbanization. Industrialization…show more content…
The annual average rainfall of Tamil Nadu is only 930 mm. The total geographical area of Tamilnadu is 130 lakh hectares, which is 4 percent of the nation 's geographical area, around 48.92 lakh hectares is the net cultivated land area. According to the recent census, in Tamilnadu nearly 8.67 lakh farmers have dropped agriculture and shifted to other sectors during the last 10 years due to various reasons (census of India, 2011). Moreover, there was an increase in the number of agricultural labourers during the period, as the farmers sell their land to real estate and prefer to work on daily wages. The main reason for the troubles of the farmers due to erroneous import policy of the Indian Government, un-compensation prices for farmers ' produce, uncertainty in the monsoon, no fixed prices for the produce, like cash crops, oil seeds, etc., In Poland Low profitability in agriculture along with high prices of land for urban uses shifts the agriculturists interest in favour of selling of land for non-agriculture purpose (wasillewski,krukowski, 2002). Similar trend was observed in many parts of Tamilandu where decreasing profitability in agriculture and increasing price of lands for non-agricultural purpose have encouraged farmers to sell lands for non-agricultural, urban…show more content…
Agriculture productivity may be defined as the ratio of index of local agricultural output to the index of total input used in farm production (Shafi, 1984). Singh and Dhillon (2000) suggested that the yield per unit should be considered to indicate agriculture productivity. Agriculture productivity has been computed worldwide by many researchers using different methods. Shymal Dutta (2012) analyzed agricultural efficiency and backwardness in agricultural production in Hugli district of west bengal, he applied agricultural efficiency index proposed by S.S Bhatia and productivity index suggested by m. Hussain, he classified the productivity regions as very high efficiency, high efficiency, moderate and low efficiency regions. Gomatee sing, Syed waseem A (2012) they made an attempt to find out the spatial variation in the adaption of improved agricultural practices to find out the level of agricultural development in Bulandhshar district of Uttar pradesh. The study reveals that the spatial distribution of variation and agricultural development is not uniform in Bulandhshar district. Sule B.M and Barakade A J (2014) examined the impact of irrigation of agricultural productivity in the solapur district; kendal’s ranking coefficient method was applied and observed that the spatial pattern of irrigation and agricultural productivity widely unequal from village to
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