Importance Of Attachment

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This essay will explore what attachment theory is and its implications for the social and emotional world of the child and also highlight one of the government policy that supports positive parent and child relationships. FORMATION OF ATTACHMENT John Bowlby (1907-1990) was a British Psychiatrist who originally highlighted the important of a a child’s attachment relationship. He was influenced by the theory of ethology and the study of imprinting by Lorenze (1935). Used ducklings to prove that attachment was innate and has survival value. Other theorist also emphasis on the reason children are attached to their caregivers. The theory shows the important of a child parent relationship and how it affect a child’s development. The theory came…show more content…
According to Bowlby (1969) attachment is a” lasting psychological connectedness between human beings. he argues that babies are born innate that needs to attach to a human figure. The foundation of attachment starts from the mother’s womb, hear her voice and this make a baby nurtured and comforted. According to Ainsworth attachment (1979), Attachment is “an crucial part of the ground plan of the human species for an infant to become attached to a mother figure”. FORMATION OF ATTACHMENT Attachment develops gradually in a space of time rather than suddenly. Schaffer,(1996) highlight the phases based on Bowlby’s conceptualisation of attachment. Phase 1: this is from when babies are born till they are two months. At this stage baby cry, smile to parents or non-parents. Phase 2: from 2 months to 7 months. The attachment begins to develop whereby the infant focus on one caregiver and they are able to different known faces to unfamiliar ones. Phase 3: from 7 months to 24 months at this stage the infant develops a constant attachment to a primary care giver mostly the…show more content…
A child with a strong attachment will have a stable social and emotional development and will be more adventurous and eager to have new experiences. WEAKNESSES Researcher aureus that If an attachment has not developed during this period (0-5 years), then the child will suffer from lack of concentration and become very aggressive. Bowlby also emphases on the important of an attachment of one primary care giver at the expense of the father. Some psychologist argues that the type of attachment an infant has with the care giver determines their personality The attachment model has many limitation and there is no consideration for children with autism. The feminist also criticized this theory of attachment. The attachment theory does not consider cultural differences. The hierarchy of attachment is from nuclear family down to extended families even friends. According to Eysenck, (2004) the way the attachment id displayed to the infant to the care giver depends on the culture. Child rearing are evenly distributed within the

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