Phonics instruction produces the greatest impact on children 's reading achievement when it begins in kindergarten or first grade. Systematic phonics instruction results in better growth in children 's ability to comprehend what they read than non-systematic or no phonics instruction. Phonics instruction is most effective when it begins in kindergarten or first grade.
Phonological and Phonemic Awareness Instruction are both important skills that have an important role in early literacy development. Children need to learn and understand both to become good readers. Phonemic awareness is words that are spoken and are composed by individual sounds. Phonological awareness is the awareness of the sound structure. Alphabet instruction is when young children practice the alphabet and they make discoveries. There are 5 sub skills for alphabet knowledge. These are letter writing, letter name fluency, letter sound knowledge, letter name knowledge, and letter sound fluency. Print awareness is a child’s ability to learn concepts about print, recognize print, including print in books, conventions of print, and learning
Introduction Hearing assessment is challenging task for audiologist , as children are unable to give information about hearing .The function of hearing becomes building stone upon which our integrate human communication system was constructed. Auditory acquisition of language is unique to human being because it is a time locked related to auditory maturation in human. Critical period exist for development of biological function and speech language.(chomsky966, lennenberg1967)
One relationship between oral language competencies and success in school is that a child’s language competencies develop in both receptive and expressive modes. While in the classroom, listening is a critical receptive language skill to teach young children because it is necessary to “receive language”. Their ability to
Earliest study in children with hearing impairment reported that, the average high school graduate who was deaf demonstrated a third-to-fourth grade reading level (Furth, 1966; Krose, Lotz, Puffer, & Osberger, 1986). Due to technological advancement recent studies now consistently report that, as a group, school-age children with Cochlear implant demonstrate reading comprehension scores that are near or within the average range compared with their hearing peers (i.e. within 1.5 standard deviations of the mean of their normal-hearing peers; Des Jardin, Ambrose, & Eisenberg, 2008; Geers & Hyes, 2011; Johnson & Goswami, 2010;
While traveling towards the path of seeping knowledge and analyzing critical ideals, we’ve become absent minded towards the components that gave us the ability to read. Since reading is always a part of our everyday routine, we have lost the idea that when it comes to learning how to read, we must start from the basics. From reading a case study, to reading a letter from a loved one, comprehension, phonological awareness, phonics, fluency, vocabulary, and oral language are the six essential components of reading.
The most important concept to me for Module Eight is Active Listening. It is the most important because it is required to get a clear understanding of a conversation. If it is not used the speaker could feel the listener does not care and is uninterested in what they are saying.
Also, the theory of the self-determination motivation emphasized that each student has a desire of “autonomy (experiencing oneself as the origin of one's behavior), competence (sense of a complement) and relatedness (a connection to social group)” (Dörnyei, & Ushioda, 2013, p. 25; Dörnyei, Muir, & Ibrahim, 2014) in their task engagement, and if their needs are met and satified, their intrinsic motivation is enhanced. Deci and Ryan (1985) state that in the field of education, if teachers understand the nature of self-determination in individual’s development, the students ‘intrinsic motivation to willing to participate in a task will rapidly rise. This point leads another progressive perceptions is that teachers should create situations, learning
Furthermore, in the society or in any social circle where young learners operate, the ability to speak and to listen is crucial in the development of their total personality and eventually social horizon. Children need to speak what they need, feel, and think to be addressed, helped, and understood. Good speaking and listening skills have benefits in one’s personal life which includes wider social circles, improved self-esteem and confidence, favorable academic work and more.
Listening is a vital skill that we use on a daily basis to successfully complete tasks. People mistakenly think that listening is a passive process, however, it is not. Most listeners actively distinguish between various sounds, intonation, word segments and vocabulary to construct a meaning (Vandergrift and Goh 2012: 269). Without listening our ability to effectively communicate would be lost. Similarly, effective listening skills are fundamental for language acquisition. According to Renukadevi (2014: 60) 45% of language competence is acquired from listening. Since listening plays such a vital role in language acquisition, it should also play a pivotal role in teaching strategies.
Teaching English as a foreign language depends on the four skills which are: writing, reading, listening and speaking. This latter is considered as the most important communication skill, whereas most students need to acquire. The term speaking has been defined by many researchers and writers. Therefore, it has more than one definition according to each author’s point of view. Tarigan (1990, p.3-4) defines that “speaking is a language skill that is developed in child life, which is preceded by listening skill, and at that period speaking skill is learned”. It means that speaking is the basic skill of language in addition to listening . According to Grognet A.G (1997, p.136), “ Speaking is one of the skills that have to be mastered by students
English is important to be learned in this globalization era. Learning English involves four main skills. The four skills are listening, speaking, reading and writing skills. Those skills have to be mastered by the students when they are learning English. “To teach those four skills, teachers have to use some methods that can give the chance to the students to be involved in teaching and learning process” ( Richard and Rodgers, 1998) it means that the school, the teacher and the students as well decide the success of achieving the educational aims on the school level. In other words, teacher have duties on constructing the right lesson material formulating the proper aim, choosing and constructing the right lesson material according to the need, interest, and children development phase, choosing the method and teaching media and constructing the program and right evaluation.
In the Business world, there are many skills that are required to perform Business effectively, and the most important skill is communication. Communication is the language by which employees transmit their ideas, thoughts, and feelings. It’s also the only means that the managerial orders can be transmitted to subordinates. Therefore, there should be a unified language that all the employees and superordinates communicate by, and often, English is the official language in companies. A study conducted by two English Language Professors from Jordanian universities (Saleh Freihat/Khalaf Al-Machzoomi, 2012) showed that English oral communication skills, as well as written communication skills, must be developed for undergraduates
Though Francis Bacon did not make a mention of the importance of the art of listening, it is still the primary soft skill without which the other communication skills, namely, speaking, reading and writing, may not be effective and successful. Undoubtedly, listening occupies most of our time. However, listening is not the end of communication. Mere listening to the words of wisdom is of no use unless the listener is guided and benefited by them. Failure to communicate the message properly or effectively or failure to receive the message well may result in a communication gap. Obviously lack of attention or interest for one reason or another is not listening which is a positive quality, but hearing which is a casual thing without