4. CONCEPT 4-CONFIDENTIALITY IN NURSING PRACTICE Confidentiality according to Wes Janison, WPI Interdisciplinary and Global study division is an explicit or implied guarantee by a researcher to a respondent in a social science whereby the respondent confident that any information provided to the researcher cannot be attributed back to that respondent. Thus, confidentiality is an active attempt by researcher to remove any trace of respondent identities from the records. PERSONAL CONTEXT: Confidentiality is a guarantee given to a respondent by a researcher promising not to disclose the information to anyone. The information may be verbal or non verbal depending on how the respondent wants to respond to that research.
Whether or not a secret trust is justified is based on theories rather than actual probate law. It contradicts the provisions of the Wills Act 1837 by not complying with s.9 of it. The long held issue find its roots in principles taken from the Statute of Fraud. It is by some believed that the arrangement of a secret trust is outside the terms of the will and therefor equity plays a role in assuring that a testator that pursues using a secreter trust has the ability to benefit a third party even if it does not align with the s.9 in the Wills Act. It also makes sure that there is a way for a will to be beneficial for a third party that is not mentioned on the face of the Will.
Trigger Data In this case Bills duty to preserve arose, at the latest, 6 months ago, when former investors sued the company seeking over $8 million in damages. It could also be that the duty arose at an earlier date, but the facts do not give any hint to if Bill would reasonably anticipate litigation prior to the lawsuit filed by the investors. If Bills should have known that the evidence was relevant to future litigation then the duty would have attached at that point. b. What Must be Preserved
I. INTRODUCTION There are many definitions about Confidentiality and this word is commonly linked together with trust, respect of autonomy and privacy. One of the classic definitions; Confidentiality is a pledge or agreement that any off-the-record information shared by the patient will be protected against disclosure to a third-party, unless permitted by the patient, or in some circumstances, guided by the law or the primary involved parties. The confidential information is strictly discussed among health care providers only. The ethics of Confidentiality is highly recommended in the medical field.
Confidential information can include an individual 's personal information, classified materials with national security implications and commercial intellectual property (Kim & Solomon, 2016). In the US, there are laws that protect confidential information and IT systems. These legislations require businesses and organizations to have security control mechanisms that protect the confidentiality of sensitive information. Safeguarding data confidentiality is not always easy as technological advances also provide means of easily accessing information from remote locations and making it accessible to many people (Dhillon & Backhouse, 2000). This is despite the numerous technologies that have been designed to protect sensitive data.
With some exceptions in 42 FCR page 2, (Miller, 2015), the client has the sole say in who can know if they are in treatment, and what details that involves. The entire agency has the responsibility to abide by professional, ethical and legal requirements to protect the client (Miller, 2015). Confidentiality allows the client to explore treatment without stigma and without invasion into their treatment by those that they do not want involved. Confidentiality allows the client the freedom to fully explore their treatment without barriers that could restrain their progress. Example #2 An example of a confidentiality issue is boyfriend and girlfriend, together for over a decade, both in treatment long-term at the same out-patient treatment facility.
It is also a legal necessity. Employers have an obligation to keep certain information private. Violation of privacy policies could lead to fines, penalties and possible lawsuits. Confidentiality instills trust and encourages sincere consideration of the privacy of others. LEAD BY EXAMPLE Employers and employees can display integrity in the workplace through leading by example.
Ethics Assignment Introduction Confidentiality is an ethical value that remains deeply rooted in the nursing profession and has always been the cornerstone of the nurse-patient relationship. Since the days as nursing students, we were constantly reminded of the significance in maintaining patient’s confidentiality. The Oxford dictionary defines confidentiality as intended to be kept secret while the Cambridge dictionary defines it as the state of being secret. The Singapore Nursing Board (SNB) Code of Ethics and Professional Conduct states that confidentiality means to protect the privacy of clients’ personal information (SNB, 2014). According to Lockwood (2005), confidentiality could be viewed as information that a doctor learns about a
the need to disclose patient information to protect a third party. Confidentiality is defined as “the ethical principle that requires nondisclosure of private or secret information with which one is entrusted” (Burkhardt & Nathaniel, 2012, p. 526). The court’s decision in the Tarasoff case caused controversy throughout the mental health profession that is still debated today. Confidentiality is the cornerstone on which the therapist-patient relationship is based. Justice Clark’s dissent emphasized the importance of confidentiality: “Until today’s majority opinion, both legal and medical authorities have agreed that confidentiality is essential to effectively treat the mentally ill and that imposing a duty on doctors to disclose patient threats to potential victims would greatly impair treatment” (Tarasoff v. Regents of University of California, 1976, p. 20).
Another example is a patient refusing to disclose the father of her unborn child so I invited her to my station, provided privacy and made her feel comfortable, during our conversation she disclosed that her uncle impregnated her, with appropriate measures the case was handled. Nurses have every chance of getting information due to their daily interactions with patients. CURRENT STUDIES: A participant is more likely to provide honest responses when their identity is not disclosed, Kathy Quan, RN, BSN, PHN wrote an article called “ Confidentiality and your Nursing job”. In her article she reminds students and nurses to carefully consider patients privacy and she challenged nurses to answer the question what is confidentiality before pursuing nursing as a career. Patient needs to trust health care provider and nurses have long been listed as one of the most trusted among all professions.