Threats To Biodiversity Conservation

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In order to survive or in for survival the process of conservation is needed for every living organism. Even an ant conserves food to so that in winter season there should not be any difficulty in searching for food. Our planet Earth is the home to many diverse lives which vary from each other. We popularly call this as biodiversity as biological diversity used for describing the variety of lives present on earth. Habitat destruction or excessive harvesting of particular specie may prove to be a threat to biodiversity conservation. As nature’s presence is linked with the presence of life and thus nature conservation becomes very important to check extinction of species. Thus to keep this beautiful relationship of nature and living organisms…show more content…
There are many causes behind the degradation of biodiversity which will be discussed later here. Man-made and natural both are responsible for biodiversity loss. Not all resources are renewable and as most of our needs are coming from the nature and then processed for a final product, the level of consumption and population has gone sky high and with the limited resources it is difficult for the nature to recover within a short time span. For example: threats to biodiversity came to major concern when some species started to extinct like- PARTULA TURGIDA, a snail specie whose last individual snail died in 1996 (Michael 2006)1. Major factors leading to biodiversity loss are habitat loss and degradation, invasive alien species, overuse of resources and pollution. There are many causes of extinction like Ecological and Man-made. The ecological causes are the natural occurrence. For example: natural calamities are also responsible for the decline of Samoan and Tongan fruit bats in America. One of the factors of the loss was hurricane in 1990 and 1991 which killed 80% to 90% of the habitat (Ibid.…show more content…
Lack of knowledge of biodiversity- the knowledge gap is enormous and the restoration would not be adequate because of the fact that there are number of species, sub-species and new species discovered and keeping this in memory of human is not possible without any proper archival of knowledge. 6. Managing biodiversity as a public good- as we have come to know the biodiversity conservation and vulnerabilities attached with it, there should be a regularisation for the natural supplies that we get from nature for our own consumption. Over use of the resources would imbalance and thus there should be penalty for that or policies to keep a check. 7. Integrating biodiversity into public and private decision-making- not only in the socio-economic but in political-decision making also biodiversity should be an integral important part of our life. The concern should be spread to all the sectors of the ministry. Improper use of natural resources, corruption, political problems are some factors which are not easy to see a change happening in the developing countries (Rands et al., 2010) 2. Due to the complexity of these factors, various approaches and strategies are being used to reduce biodiversity loss. All, however, require the best available scientific information that allows the development and implementation of sound management
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