What are the similarities and difference between cellular respiration, fermentation, and photosynthesis? Well, cellular respiration is a series of chemical reactions that convert into energy in food molecules into a usable form of energy called ATP. Fermentation is a reaction that eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells can use to obtain energy from food when oxygen levels are low. Photosynthesis is a series of chemical reactions that convert light energy, water, and CO2 into the food-energy molecule glucose and give off oxygen. The similarities are, they all make energy/food to make energy.
Cellulose is a greatly abundant and utilized to make an assortment of items, for example, paper and plastics. It is formed by a long chain of glucose particles joined from the # 1 carbon on one to the # 4 carbon on the next. Starch is another large carbohydrate made solely from glucose however it comprises two sorts of chains. One sort of chain (amylose) is direct or linear (which, like cellulose, has the # 1 and # 4 connected to structure the chain). The other sort of chain (amylopectin) has a 1>4 backbone, and has branches; amylopectin is similar to glycogen, which is the most accessible form of nourishment stored away by various types of animals, including
Beano® is a product that helps aid in digestion. One tablet is to be ingested before a meal in order to reduce gas. It contains two enzymes: alpha galactosidase and invertase. Alpha galactosidase (a-galactosidase for short) is an enzyme that helps break down oligosaccharides, or complex carbohydrates,
Controlled Variables temperature, pH, sucrase + sucrose incubation time 4. Describe what is measured as an indicator of sucrase activity and why this is an indicator of sucrase activity. I believe glucose and fructose was used as an indicator because they are what produces sucrose and sucrose creates more sucrase activity. 5. Explain why denatured sucrase was used as a control.
Glucagon also causes the liver to undergo gluconeogenesis, a process that allows it to absorb non-carbohydrates substrate, amino acids, from the blood and convert them into glucose. When the body isn 't provided with the enough nutrients or carbohydrates, body cells turn to fat the storage as a last resort. Glucagon provokes the process of ketogenesis which breaks down fatty acids to release energy and produce ketone bodies as by-product. These ketones are then used by the heart and brain for
From an energy point of view carbohydrates represent the most valuable of the food components (Processing, n.d.). The basic structure of carbohydrates is a sugar molecule and this macro nutrient is classified in terms by how many molecules the structure contain. There are simple carbohydrates and complex carbohydrates. Simple carbohydrates contain mostly fructose and glucose sugar molecules that combine to form a disaccharide. Complex carbohydrates contain polysaccharides and this includes starches, fiber, and glycogen.
Both Krebs cycle and glycolysis are a part of the carbohydrate breakdown. One of the main differences between the Krebs cycle and glycolysis is what they breakdown. Glycolysis breaks glucose into pyruvate. Krebs cycle breaks pyruvate into Acetyl Coenzyme A. When glycolysis breaks glucose (a 6 carbon molecule), it becomes pyruvate (2 molecules) and NADH (2 molecules).
An important factor is the balance of the different types of sugar. It is crucial for sports drinks to contain multiple forms of sugar such as fructose, sucrose, maltodextrin, and glucose. Each sugar has its own transporter to move it between the blood, intestines, and muscles of a body. Bergen describes that if there is “too much of one type of sugar at a time, it can max out its transporter and just sit in the stomach or intestines”. To prevent this and to maximize energy sustainability, a balance of sugars is needed.
In cellular respiration, your body uses glucose and oxygen in a process to make energy. The glucose is split in the cytoplasm of your cell, then its atoms go through a complex process which turns them into ATP, a useable energy source for your body. ATP can either be used, or stored in lipids for long term use. Lipids are one of the most diverse macromolecules because of the many functions they can perform. They make up a cell membrane, so without them, there would be no humans, they also can be used as a long term energy storage in the form of fat.