I. INTRODUCTION THE CEMENT INDUSTRY Cement is one of the core industries that play an important role in the development and enlargement of a country. Cement is fundamentally a mixture of compounds that consists of mainly silicates and aluminates of calcium, formed out of calcium oxide, silica, aluminium oxide and iron oxide. The demand in this industry mainly depends on the rate of activities in the infrastructure, business, real estate and financial sector of the economy. Cement industry in India is competitive throughout the world because this industry has seen healthy trends such as continuous technology upgradation and cost control.
High-end tourism has made Maldives already a middle-income country. Similarly, the high-end tourism and the Chukha and Tala Hydropower Projects have catapulted once poor Bhutan to an unprecedented level of prosperity. Focusing on agriculture and land reform is politically popular in Nepal. We should invest in this sector up to a point to make the poor 's life bearable. But subsistence agriculture will not transform Nepal 's economy.
The agro-industrial activity of Nepal mainly involves the processing of agricultural products like pulses, jute, sugarcane, tobacco, and grain. These agro-industrial activities are more labor intensive that cannot compete with the foreign products in quality as well as prices. Agriculture is the mainstay of the economy resulting
The Maoist war has led to the decrease of tourism which is the key source of foreign exchange income. Nepal has good prospects of expanding tourism and hydropower for the economic development. Low economic growth and persistent deficits in financial and trade balances in recent years have left Nepal with very limited resources for development funds needed for nation building. At present the major part of increase expenditure comes from other countries as loans and contributions. Nepal has adopted mixed economic policy 1.
Overall trend among companies The period of 2005 to 2011 has seen increasing cement production numbers from all of the players in the Indian cement industry. On an all India level the capacity utilization levels in this period for a large numbers of top 13 firms have been on the higher side with capacity utilization crossing 100 for most part of the given period for companies like Ambuja Cement Ltd., Grasim Industries Ltd., Century Textiles & Inds. Ltd., Lafarge India Pvt. Ltd., Birla Corporation Ltd, and Kesoram Industries Ltd. The Mar 2011capacity utilization for Kesoram Industries Ltd. is 75% which is far below its average over the preceding five years.
About 25% of total population live below poverty line. The UN estimates that poverty in Nepal dropped from 42% in 1996 to approximately 25% in 2009. The government of Nepal is trying to speed up socio-economic transformation through high, sustained and broad-based inclusive growth. According to Ministry of Finance despite of adverse suffering from devastating earthquake, the economy is estimated to grow by 6.94 percent in 2016/17 (Krishna 2). About 80 per cent of the population still remains engaged in the farm sector which is not only technologically backward but also traditionally and virtually stagnant over the decades.
However the first prepared effort on mass scale to manufacture Portland cement started in Madras (Washermanpet), in 1904, through South India Industries constrained (Cement producers affiliation 1964; Gadhok 2000). The manufacturing unit couldn't be triumphant as a result it failed. However, it turned into in 1914 that the first commissioned cement-manufacturing unit in India changed into set up with the aid of India Cement Company limited at Porbandar, Gujarat, with an set up capacity of 10,000 tonnes and manufacturing of a thousand tones. Sooner or later two floras; one at Katni (M.P.) and another at Lakheri (Rajasthan) have been set up.
The demand of the Northern zone was used to be met by the production of the Southern zone. After the association of new plants mainly D.G. Cement (with a capacity of over 1 million tonnes per annum) the Northern region has also become almost self enough in the cement the region–wise sharing of cement plants is prearranged below The cement industry is very unequally spread in the country with a huge difference in capacity and manufacture as can be seen in the following tables. The number of plants is less than double in the south zone as compare to those in the north but total manufacture in the latter district is nearly 3 times that in the previous area. Even then all units charge the same price when in authenticity their knowledge, arrangement, product range and efficiency differs.
The economy of Nepal has been undergoing a gradual change along with the political system, changing from a fully agrarian system to a semi-modern system. However, it shows that something is wrong as Nepal is still one of the poorest countries in the world. Economic development requires economic transformation to constantly generate new dynamic activities (Ocampo et al, 2009), which Nepal lacks. Additionally,