(“7 million,” 2014, para. 7). Air pollution is mainly common in developing countries from the extensive amount of industrialization and urbanization that is taking place. Poorer countries and communities cannot afford the ability to protect themselves, which is why there is so much suffering in these communities. In China alone, life expectancies are about 5.5 years lower than the United States because of the cardiovascular and respiratory mortality (Chen, Eventstin, Greenstone, & Li, 2013, para.
Driverless cars are also better for elderly and disabled people. “The Ruderman Family Foundation and Securing America 's Future Energy (SAFE) finds that by removing the sorts of mobility obstacles that driverless cars resolve, it would allow 2 million more people with disabilities to get to work” (Snyder). So with driverless cars a disabled person they would not have to actually drive the car. (Snyder). Vehicle ownership could decline as much as 43% in the US once the driverless cars are more and more used according to a study by the University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute (Thompson).
The neighborhoods that are around big city universities, civic centers, large hospital groups and parks are apt to be stagnant- a condition that precedes decay. The main trouble with borders is that they are apt to form dead ends for most users of city streets that for most people represent
The 19th century brought tremendous advances in the diagnosis and treatment of many diseases, but Charles Booth’s investigations between 1886 and 1903 into the Life and Labor of the people in London revealed that approximately thirty percent of the population still lived in poverty. The average number of persons to an inhabited house in London and its neighboring urban districts increased compared with the numbers in 1891. By the end of the century, the overcrowding in London was almost thirty percent or sixteen per cent of the whole population. This happened mainly because quarters had been destroyed in accordance with the slum clearances. As a result the unhoused moved to other districts.
One of the major issues sprawl has seemingly encouraged is an automobile dependant environment. The more sprawled out a city becomes, the more dependence we have on our vehicles to get us to work, school, home and places of leisure. This pushes us away from having an effective public transportation system because of its inaccessibility and poorly routed schedules that are inconvenient for many. This is why “smart growth” has progressively been promoted as an alternative method to sprawl because it focuses on public transportation and walking as main sources to building a better environment. However, Robert Bruegmann does not believe that “smart growth” is an effective alternative because heavily dense areas require longer commuting times.
Toronto has many cars and drivers, but the number of roads is limited. That results in congestion. The second reason of congestion is the inconvenience of public transportation. Some people might say the way of solving congestion is taking a public transportation and how simple it is. However, many Torontonians complain about public transportation and say they have no other choices except using their cars.
Firstly, elderly suicide is a social problem because 34.9% (351 out of 1007 cases) were over 60 years old in 2014. According to Bauhinia Foundation Research Centre, for the elderly over 65 years old, although the suicide rate of elderly suicide has declined from over 35 during Year 1985-1995 (in every 100 thousand) persons to 22.8 (in every 100 thousand) in the year 2013, the rate was still the highest among other age groups in Hong Kong. (The Bauhinia Foundation Research Centre, 2015) The suicidual attempts and action were incompatible with the values of a healthy and modern society as a developed city. Compared to countries outside Hong Kong, China, America, Singapore, Japan and Korean also find out the suicidal rate of elderly were also higher than any other people in different age group. Although sociologisit Emile Durkheim thinks that the suicide rates for a society typically shows a stable distribiution from year to year, there are always identification of periodic fluctuations and patterns of suicide
The author presents his research whereby he claims that the population in contact with poverty is overwhelming. His hypotheses are that more than 40 percent of Americans will have experienced poverty at some point in their lives between the ages of 25 to 60. Similarly, 54 percent of Americans could have experienced poverty for at least a year in their lives. However, though many will experience poverty, the experience is short-lived. Another important thing from the article is that povertyis widely distributed with respect to time and place.
Social isolation is a huge public health issue for the aging population. Social isolation is the cause for nearly half of mortality in United States. According to the United States Census Bureau the population of adults 65 and older is going to increase by about twice the amount by year 2040 (Nicholson & Shellman, 2013). Social isolation has a huge effect on an older person’s wellbeing both physically and mentally. Someone who is experiencing social isolation is not likely participating in social activities or work.
Eisenhower cites four main pieces of evidence. He first cites the unfortunately high number of fatalities and injuries on the current highways. Eisenhower argues that the more than thirty six thousand wounded and more than one million injured highway users put a high financial burden not only on the individual family who faces tragedy, but also on the nation. In Eisenhower 's report, he states, “But reliable estimates place the measurable economic cost of the highway accident toll to the Nation at more than $4.3 billion a year.” With this information, Eisenhower shows that with an updated highway system, accidents, and thus costs, could be cut considerably. Next, Eisenhower cites the poor condition of the current highways.
Around 50% of the responders (549 out of 1102) rejected that idea and mentioned ‘It is not good idea to include transportation cost in semester fee.’ However, 245 responders indicated that they were ready to pay $10 to $15 per each semester for the transportation cost. Similarly, 220 responders agreed to pay $15 to $30 per semester. Only 88 responders voted for more than $30/semester transportation cost. Table 24 presents the details for the answer received regarding the question for commuters’ willingness to pay for the compulsory fixed transportation fee in
The Homelessness Iniiatives and Prevention Services is responsible for figuring out how the funds for the problem are being used. They can be contacted by enabling firstname.lastname@example.org or email@example.com, they can also be contacted by calling 416-392-9093 regarding street homes, 416-392-4126 regarding housing stability services or 416-392-7198 regarding service system planning and integrity unit. Homelessness is a serious problem all over the world. Every country feels the effects. Homelessness is generally worse in areas with a poor economy, but it varies from city to city.
The “eno study” concluded that if 10 percent of all cars were self-driving, as many 211,000 accidents would be prevented annually. Approximately 1,100 lives would be preserved, and economic cost of car accidents would be reduced to $20 billion. Also according to “Autobytel.com”, the eno center’s study found up to 4.2 million accidents could be prevented; 21,700 lives preserved and more than $400 billion in related cost could be eliminated. Next, another benefit of self-driving cars is with the computers controlling the car it wouldn’t be room for aggressive and selfish drivers in return less road violence. However, there is another benefit to self-driving cars traveling down the highway and communicating with one another at regularly spaced intervals.
The official poverty rate is 13.5 percent based on the U.S Census Bureau’s 2015 estimates, that same year an estimated 43.1 million Americans lived in poverty. (U.S Census Bureau) There are millions of Americans that go unnoticed to society and government due to their low financial stability and poor living situations. They constantly deal with low provisions, low employment, bad health, and high rates of poverty. Majority of this happens to the minorities in this country, and it dates back since the 1900’s. The minorities being the last to be concerned about, but since then low income communities have been generified, which has improved the living conditions bring in more people, jobs, and better housing, but it still takes years for the