With an elevation of 8,586 meters, it lies within the eastern Himalayas sharing the border between Sikkim state of northeastern India and eastern part of Nepal, Darjiling. Besides, it erects very elegantly as a part of great Himalaya range, having a massif in the form of an enormous cross. According to experts, it is composed of rocks made of Neoproterozoic that belongs to Ordovician age which is believed to be about 445 million to 1 billion years old. Furthermore, the mountain bears certain fluctuation in its climate: Its glaciers gather heavy snow fall during the summer monsoon season. It gathers lighter snowfall during the
They are the Colline Zone, Montane Zone, Subalpine Zone, Alpine Zone and the Glacial Zone. At the high altitude of the Alpine Biome, there is little Carbon Dioxide, which is an important component for flora species to carry out the process of photosynthesis which produces chemical energy for the flora. Harmful Ultra-Violet Radiation is abundant in the Alpine biome. The abundance of Ultra-Violet radiation poses a threat to fauna species. Flora and fauna species of the Alpine biome have unique adaptation which allows them to not only tolerate these conditions, but thrive in the
Nepal is a developing country situated between China and India geographically. It remained almost in isolation from the outside world both economically and politically until the fall of more than one century long autocratic regime in 1951. Only after that, Nepal embarked on democratization and developmental process with the beginning of planned development effort in 1956. The political system is still fragile and has now been undergoing a major political transition with yet to settle peace process since 2006. The economy of Nepal has been undergoing a gradual change along with the political system, changing from a fully agrarian system to a semi-modern system.
The average downpour is 30 cm a year. It is very much alike to the Tundra biome. Both the alpine and the tundra biomes are cold and barren to the bone throughout the year. The Alpine biome is also just like the arctic biome.the global mountains that are parts of the alpine biome include the Rockies, Sierra, and Cascade mountains in North America, the Andes in South America, the Himalayas in Asia, the Alps and Pyrenees in Europe. Genus: Llama Species: pacos.
This is due to the amount of vegetation which falls from the trees and the decay on the forest floor. The majority of tropical soils have been gradually building underneath the forest floor for millions of years. During this time, deep soils formed from the underlying rock under the heavy precipitation. Soils found in the tropical rainforest biome can be up to 30 metres in depth as a result of intensive weathering. However, they suffer from being heavily leached, meaning that many nutrients and minerals are lost from the subsoil.
Most rainforests are located in a latitude band around the equator between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn. Below is a map of the major rainforests over the world. Strata The rainforest contains of four different layers (or strata) crawling with mammals and insects. The first layer is called the EMERGENT LAYER. This layer contains the tallest trees that are over 200 feet tall and the animals found here are eagles, monkeys, bats and butterflies.
Nepal is one of the poorest countries in the world. It is landlocked and covered by mountains as well as hills. The main profession of Nepalese people is agriculture. More than 70 percent of the people are found to be engaged in agriculture sector and rest is employed in service and industry. Unemployment is approximately 40 percent and country severely lacks skilled manpower.
Characteristics of an Alpine Biome: The Alpine biome is summed up as ice, snow, high winds, basic things that come with winter. Alpine biomes can be found all over the world in a variety of mountain regions. Usually they are at an altitude of 10,000 feet or more, and lies just below an snowline of a mountain. In the Rocky Mountains of North America you would first begin in a desert biome, Then as you proceed to climb through a brief forest biome, steppe biome, taiga biome, and grassland biome before you would actually reach the Alpine biome. During the summertime, temperatures in Alpine biomes reach around 40 to 60° F or 10 to 15° C, however, during winter, temperatures will well below go freezing, then if the altitude rises it can get even colder and can last from October to May.
2001). Jayakumar et al (2002) had carried out the study on identification of forests that were degraded in Kolli hills, Eastern Ghats of Tamil Nadu. Reddy et al (2007) had assessed the change in forest cover and disturbance patterns in R.V.Nagar range of Eastern Ghats region. Reddy et al (2008) have identified the large-scale deforestation in nawarangpur district of Orissa. Reddy et al.