Clinical trials are systems of experiments that allow physicians to safely test out potential solutions for incurable diseases on human subjects in a controlled environment for a certain period of time. These trials also allow physicians test the efficiency of the current approved treatments. Clinical trials consist of clinicians splitting human subjects with the study’s desired disease into two groups, experimental and control group; this lets physicians successfully compare the effects of a certain treatment versus not having the treatment. In order to get clear results with a limited chance of scientific error the participants must be distributed fairly and equally amongst groups. The most popular way of doing this is by randomizing the
Physicians must use evidence from clinical trials and studies as a recommendation to patient. Evidence of medical effectiveness has brought up creation of different public policies that include improving efficiency and outcomes. The Affordable Care Act showed support for the involvement in health research of patients. The article shows information from the Community Forum Deliberative Methods Demonstration project. The participants of this study were given materials about medical research, evidence and comparative effectiveness research.
Ethical concerns in clinical trials The goal of clinical research is to develop knowledge that improves human health or increases our understanding of human biology. People participating in clinical research make this scarce knowledge available to scientists. The way to find out if a new drug or treatment is safe or effective, for example, is to test it on patient volunteers. But this clearly puts a human life at risk for the betterment of others. And it at this place where the Ethical concern comes to the forefront.
Processes most commonly used by clinical psychologist are various tests, written expressions of emotions, and genetic sampling and study. Clinical psychology is useful and a blessing to those who need it most, but much is still to be uncovered and each new day brings possible cures to disease and valuable breakthroughs in the
Case studies may be prospective, and cases fitting the investigation are included, as they become known to the report. Or they can be retrospective, where cases from older records are used and included in the study (Boundless). The main advantage of a case study is that it gives one a chance to study a real-world problem in detail from many different viewpoints. For this case study one can use library research, interviews, questionnaires, observation, diaries, historical documents, or current documents (UEfAP). A typical case study often does not have a lot of information to begin.
This method is appropriate for the clinical psychology as a treatment way to help the patients to solve their self-conflict by recognizing their emotions, needs or problems. To put it briefly, philosophy provides lots of ideas which contribute the clinical psychology to test it and apply the
The specific type of test, such as intelligence or personality tests depends on various levels. Before the testing can be administered a clinical psychologist will complete a comprehensive assessment during the initial interview with a client. This help to provide background information about a client and gives the clinician a chance to formulate his/her own clinical
Another question I asked was what model of clinical consultation do you use or identify with in your supervisory experience and she responded with the same answer as “clinical case consultation, to me, would be the staffing of a clinical case to discuss diagnostic criteria and modalities of treatment (A. Tuggle, personal communication, December 2, 2015).” The last three questions is about emergency management system (EMS). Her response was that agencies need EMS to ensure the safety of clients and staff. She described it as a roadmap for everyone to follow to ensure safety and health of everyone in the
4. Clinical Trials Clinical trials are defined as “Test the effectiveness and tolerance of a product on a group of patients in order to validate or invalidate theory. 50% of the medical trial go unreported. This, as a result creates safety concerns for patients and also generates information slits for the healthcare policymakers and the stakeholders. If the clinical trial details are stored as blocks in Blockchain technology, the protocols, results and other related information would be tamper free and time-stamped, resulting in less data loss and errors.
Methods of Research The study will use an intervention research method with a pre-test and post-test design. Intervention research seeks to investigate or to test the effectiveness of a proposed intervention to an identified problem that needs to be addressed such as the use of “statement vest” to medication error incidences for this present study. Intervention research is a systematic study of purposive change strategies. It puts emphasis on designing and developing interventions specifying social and health problems to inform practice activities. (Fraser et al., 2010).