Computer technology has made a big impact on the education sector. Thanks to computers, education has become easier and much more exciting than before. Due to the memory capacities of computers, large amount of data can be stored in them. They allow quick processing of data with almost very less or no chances of errors in processing. A networked computer helps us with quick communication and allows us to access to web.
Some people argue that computers are unnecessary distractions or that shouldn’t have any role to play in the classrooms. Supporters of tech in education are of the view that computers make learning easier, fun, and flexible. But what is the real worth of computers in the classroom? One thing is for sure about computers; they are notoriously efficient at processing and accessing information. With a tablet, a teacher can download lesson plans, give out assignments, take attendance, and do many other things.
Computers are currently used in a majority of jobs and in society including, but not limited to, agriculture, architecture, art, commerce and global trade, communication, education, governance, law, music, politics, science, transportation, and writing. There are very few workplaces that do not use computers because computers are used for a vast array of things like organization, storage, retrieval of large amounts of information such as library catalogs or bank records, communication, and so much more (McIver 2002). They have ended some jobs, like information technology rooms, but it has also created some, like and IT specialist (Boston.com 2013). Computers have also had an impact on education. As time goes on they are becoming part of the classroom more and more and grant access to so much information that could be used.
In the 1800’s, schools began using books to help students in their education through visual learning (“The History of Technology in Education”, 2011). Educational books are often filled with pictures, diagrams, and graphs. These visuals often help students grasp a better understanding of the concepts being taught, which helps provide a better education. Books also made it easier to conduct research and obtain more information on a subject. A student could look through the books available at a library, find a book on their specific topic, and study the research provided.
Computers should be used in the classroom for educational purposes in the United States because it allows students learn how they want to learn, students can learn life skills through using technology, and computers allow instant access to research. Computers allow the students to learn as they want and at their own pace. As Karehka Ramey stated in The Pros And Cons Of Using Computers
For example, engineers, architects, designers and filmmakers use computers to design things. Teachers, researchers and writers use computer for research and word processing. Technology has advanced so remarkably that computer systems are being used by every industry to improve efficiency and to stay ahead of their competitors. Businesses today have a wide range of uses for computers. Computers are very useful in the education field and can improve student performance in learning.
In this technologically advanced century, the use of computers for classroom instruction is widespread. The use of computers for classroom instruction is a good starting point. (Friedman, 2013). Many school had started to use computers in classroom instruction because it makes lecturer easier for teaching and their students can easily understand. However, lecturer cannot be too dependent on computer because computer is an electronic product.
In the past few years, the government has been encouraging the use of computers in teaching and learning and has spent millions of dollars on purchasing both hardware and software for schools. The educational merits of information technology have been thoroughly debated. While some educators welcome new facilities that provide an alternative learning platform, others doubt the pedagogical value of using computers in lessons. This paper examines both the arguments for and against using computers in education and provides suggestions based on these arguments. A number of educators strongly advocate the use of computer technology in learning.
The computer may itself be the object of instruction such as: in computer literacy course, students can learn about how computers are used in society and in computer programming course, they can learn how to construct a program by using programming languages. In its role as a tool, the computer assists both teachers and students, such as calculator, typewriter, and presentation aid. Students can use computers to solve complex mathematical calculations as a pocket calculator or students can use word processing programs to complete term papers and assignments. Both teachers and students can use data presentation software which incorporates with computers to present the content of the subject-matters. In addition to this, students can use a database for inquiry of specific information.
In many schools, most students will have a computer and Internet access, but schools that are located in impoverished areas may have a large portion of their student body with little to no computer experience. While it is important to educate these children in technology, it must be done at a pace that meets every individual's needs or more learning time will be wasted. Another possibility of technology having a negative effect on education is that technology can be overused. This can lead to a variety of problems. Many students learn best by physically and mentally interacting with what they are studying.