Assessments: peer and self-assessment are crucial in providing opportunity to metacognitive thinking about education, in addition to assess own progression for meaningful productive feedback. 5. Established learning: teacher and student roles in the learning process should be established. Teachers need to create an environment where student can establish trust and mutual respect, as well as experience harmless constructive feedback. As defined by Bell & Cowie (2001), there are nine characteristics of formative assessment: responsiveness; source of evidence; tacit process; use of professional knowledge and experience; integral measures between teaching and learning; assessments by teacher and student; purpose; appropriateness of process; and predicaments.
Teacher must integrate teaching strategies that will help students to assimilate knowledge such as supportive classroom environment, recognition of difference and connectedness to the wider world. This will boost up student’s confidence and contributes to their sense of function for being at school. Good teachers know the content, know how to give explanation, expect and demand high level of performance from learners. These teachers are great performers that rivet their students’ attention. However, great teachers engineer learning experiences that eventually make the students connect experiences with diverse areas of knowledge in a significant
Dimensional descriptions in connection with the expectations of teacher’s effectiveness in the field of organizational behavior provide the basis of desirable or undesirable personality characteristics judgment. So pronounced neuroticism, as an undesirable trait for teachers in interactions with students is quite a justified assumption. Teachers with high neuroticism will need a long span of time to improve their social skills and communicative relationships to their students. Moderate extraversion is enviable because of its association with self-confidence, friendliness and positive emotions. A teacher should have receptive attitude towards unconventional ideas and acceptance of different cultural backgrounds, various feelings and behaviors of their students.
This sub-section tried to review the nature of curriculum, its implementation, and then the effect on student teachers reflective learning practices. Reflective teacher education naturally follows the innovative and reflective paradigm of teacher education, which is theorized and grounded from the cognitive and constructive learning theories and principles (Huizen, et al). Therefore, it gives more attention in enhancing student teachers’ self learning, rather than receiving information as it is (Choy, 2012; Daudelin, 1996) from sources that they assumed as authoritative by practicing reflection over the theoretical and practical experiences while teacher education curricula are delivered. Such intentions at the teacher education are best served
What more! Create learning opportunities and allow space for individual approaches to learning. Most importantly in an effective teaching, teacher act as a facilitator and allows students to take responsibilities for their own learning but not indoctrinating knowledge to the students head. Teachers play a vital role in teaching and learning that enhance students to become independent and critical thinkers while modeling life-long learners. In addition, the role of a teacher is to reach the heart and mind of the children, expand their intellect and knowledge.
Introduction Enhancing learning for students involves more than just being able to apply general learning and teaching principles or guidelines. In Educational Studies 1: Classroom Learning and Student Development, we have been learned about how students learn. Most importantly, it involves inquiry-based activities which familiarize us with the roles of teachers in promoting learning and catering for student diversity and individual differences. Throughout the past lessons, one of the most influential, inspiring theories is the theories of motivation to understand and improve educational processes, which means helping our students see the true value of what they are doing and giving them reasonable expectation of success in achieving it.
Apart from that, the teacher is able to recognise the attention he is getting from the learners as the lesson unfolds which will assist him to emphasise on key concepts through gestures and facial expression for consolidation. It would be therefore a challenge for primary school teacher to teach without making use of interpersonal
A constructivist teacher guides and motivates the students and creates a context for learning in which students can become engaged in interesting activities that encourages and facilitates learning. The teacher does not simply stand and watch children explore and discover. Instead, the teacher often guides students as they approach problems, encourages them to work in groups. Teachers thus facilitate cognitive growth and learning as do peers and other members of the child's community. Zone of Proximal Development This paper is going to focus on the theory proposed by Vygosky ‘The zone of proximal development (ZPD)’ that has been defined as "the distance between the actual developmental level as determined by independent problem solving and the level of potential development as determined through problem solving under adult guidance, or in collaboration with more capable peers" (Vygotsky, 1978, p. 86).
Lessons are designed according to students learning difficulties. Students’ prior knowledge is assessed through the pre-tests and interviews as assessment tools to inform the content of the lessons. According to Hodge (2010), the key component of an effective lesson is when the teacher understands and knows about the topic. As Variation Theory using learning study is collaborative in its nature, teachers gain more knowledge on the topic as they discuss and meet to share their past experiences about teaching the topic before proceeding to the lesson. Professional Development: Teacher Collaboration Teacher collaboration in art as a professional development was stated by Vicky Lind (2007) in her study as follows: There was a transformation in the beliefs and behaviours of these teachers as they worked collaboratively to positively impact arts education.
Mediation in learning entails teachers’ competence to: address the diverse needs of learners, including those with barriers to learning; construct learning environments that are appropriately contextualized and inspirational, communicate effectively, showing recognition of, and respect for differences in others, this is according to According to the Department of Education (DoE, 2000). According to McNeil (1990: 314), Mediation refers to the interpretative process by which people make sense of or create meaning from experience. From these different definitions it is clear that the educator as a mediator serves as the intermediary between the learners and the learning and has the task of facilitating the learning process. The mediator has the responsibility of steering the learning process and finding ways to arouse curiosity and enthusiasm in learners. If an educator is successfully able to do this they will have learners who are eager to learn and this can be measured by learner’s engagement in the learning process.