Assignment No.1 Philosophy of Education (respected Madam Maliha Nafees) By: Muneer Ahmed Jean Piaget, founder of constructivism Constructivists argues that humans create knowledge and meaning from an interface between their experiences and their ideas. Psychology, sociology, education and the history of science is influenced by this theory. During infancy of this theory, it examined the interaction between human experiences and their reflexes or behavior-patterns. These patterns are called systems
Importance of Learning Theories in the Digital Age: Our personal beliefs about professional, social and cultural lives have been affected and transformed by the networking revolution. The world in which we work and teach has been particularly impacted by networking technologies. This 21st century is referred to as the knowledge age, a time in which knowledge has key social and economic value and today learners’ described as ‘net generation learners’ raised in the culture of the internet and web
have attempted to present an understanding of Pakistan-India conflict by using constructivism theory of international relations. There are many reasons other than strategic reason causing this conflict like differences in ideologies, norms and beliefs. There are also cultural differences between these two nations. 2. Pakistan-India Conflict an overview South Asia is considered a region of great importance in the world. British India was partitioned into two independent states i.e. Pakistan and India
features, what role and importance it has as an IR theory, it’s important to have a brief idea about what do we mean by when we say International Relations Theory. Traditionally speaking, International Relations theories can be classified into two broad categories for proper understanding namely ‘Rationalist’ and ‘Reflectivist’, with theories such as Realism and Liberalism being seen as Rationalist perspective whereas other progressive theories such as feminism, Critical theory, post modernism etc.
based on interactions with their environment including their interactions with other people" (Draper, 2002 : 522). Constructivists understand learning as an interpretive, recursive, building process by active learners interrelating with the physical and social world (Fosnot, 1996). The term constructivism most probably is derived from Piaget’s reference to his views as “constructivist” (Gruber & Voneche, 1977), as well as from Bruner (1966)’s description of discovery learning as “constructionist”
Behavioural: Focuses on learned action when certain stimulus is present. Maybe defined as a change of behaviour as a result of experience that can be measured Extensive use of precise goal setting, modelling, prompting, rehearsal, reinforcement and shaping Considers all the behaviour is learned and that learning occurs as a result of the effect of one’s behaviour on the environment. (Peter Westwood 2004, p18) A learner’s actions and responses are in some way either rewarded or punished, and thereby
Constructivism Constructivism is another theory whose development took place at the same time as that of behaviorism, i.e., approximately 1910-1920 (Gordon, 2014). According to Gordon (2014), it is a revolutionary approach to issues related to knowledge and knowing. Humans have an innate drive to make meaning out of their lives. Therefore, certain assumptions about human learning and its nature guide constructivist learning theories and teaching methods. Learning to constructivist is an active process aiming
The constructivist assessment approaches are based on the basic tenets of constructivist paradigm. Constructivism is unique because it focuses on developing the learners’ knowledge by constructing the world around them through experience, observation, documentation, analysis and reflection. According to constructivist perspective, the teaching or rather more precisely learning of science is not the search for the ultimate truth. It is the process which is of utmost importance in science than the