Symbolic essay of the Pit and the Pendulum Symbols can deepen the symbolic meaning of a story, this is exquisitely portrayed in Edgar Allan Poe’s The Pit and the Pendulum. At the beginning of the story, the narrator finds himself being sentenced by an Inquisitorial court, shortly after, he wakes up in a dungeon drugged and started to determine the dimensions of the dungeon. He then falls but is able to bypass a large pit in the middle of the dungeon. In addition, he finds a sharp pendulum hanging over him dropping slowly, driving him to near madness. Towards the end, the raw food which his captives had given him helps to draw rats to the narrator and gnaw away the bonds on the contraption he was tied to.
Raskolnikov dreams of a plague: a world of nihilists and the faithless. A virus spreads through the world, and it causes its victims to suffer a symptom that makes each person to think he knows the ultimate truth. “Each though the truth was contained in himself alone, and suffered looking at others…They did not know whom or how to judge, could not agree on what to regard as evil, what as good... People killed each other in some sort of meaningless spite” (547). As a result, it’s a world of every man for himself, and the world is overtaken by distrust. Ironically enough, the dream goes against Raskolnikov’s initial belief that superior and extraordinary men don’t need order or law.
Prior, in Chapter XXXII, there is a representation of the bad form of the legitimate framework as Pip converses with Wemmick, who advises him that he is in route to the notorious Newgate jail where Mr. Jaggers has been contracted by a thief. At the point when Pip inquires as to whether the man is liable, Wemmick answers, "Favour your spirit and body, no....But he is blamed for it." Without uncertainty, the story of Great Expectations depicts a criminal equity framework that dehumanizes certain individuals and debases others. Thusly, Charles Dickens makes clearing social feedback in Great Expectations, making it one of the best books about social change. Some of these issues are as yet pertinent to our own circumstances and this demonstrates the all inclusiveness of the Novel.
I argue, that Dickens criticizes the welfare system and the conditions of the workhouses while also blaming it for the shaming of the paupers and thereby promoting the forming of criminal societies to avoid availing oneself of welfare. Therefore, I am going to first show Dickens’ own impression of the workhouse and his experience with the welfare system, which influenced his descriptions in Oliver Twist. This novel was partly published in protest of the passage of the Poor Law Amendment Act, an act to reduce the cost of the poverty relief system in England and Wales. Next, I would like to focus on Dickens’
“The Rape of the lock” by Alexander Pope, analyzes the world’s cruelness. Pope used Satire to uncover the unpleasant world along with the humans in it. “The Rape of the lock” Canto III by Alexander Pope, commences by first juxtaposing tyrants and the nymphs. Pope compares the fierce dictators and the nature-loving mythical creatures at the start of the Canto. Pope further on lampoons, “Dost sometimes counsel take-and sometimes tea” (8).
“In the Penal Colony” by Kafka, demonstrates the power of bureaucracy and how it attacks a person’s quality of life and diminishes their level of humanity. The officer in the story, he who is in charge of executing prisoners with an apparatus, shows his sentiment towards it but is then met with the traveler who condemns it. The officer does not realize the lack of morality in his actions because he is a tyrant. Accordingly, the position of the officer results in tyranny as he fully internalizes the system that was instated by the old commandant which is what eventually kills him. This can be seen through the officer’s reasoning when he makes his decisions and the traveler’s disapproval of the apparatus.
In Frankenstein, through strong diction, the simile of a demon, and characterization of Victor and the Monster, Shelley argues that the greatest influence on human behavior would be that a person 's environment is that completely takes a toll on their mental state. Authors such as Noreena Hertz and Roger Scruton also have similar analysis on this idea of human behavior. Through what Victor and the Monster have been through, towards the end, the monster felt he went through much more pain then Victor did because of how he didn’t care for him and expresses this through the strong diction Shelley portrays. As the Monster was speaking to Walton( friend of Victors) he exclaims “ Blasted as thou wert, my agony was still superior to thine” (Shelley 166), referring to Victor by this statement. Shelley 's use of the word “superior” shows how the Monster felt about what he feels and thinks is way worse then what Victor has felt.
Insanity is another interesting concept we see in other noirs. In Murder, My Sweet we see Philip Marlowe, yet another detective, be locked up in an asylum because the events of that Noir that he seem insane. In Sunset Boulevard we see the Insanity of Norma Desmond when her reality of stardom was broken. We can see both of these in Vertigo when Scotties is also put in a mental health facility and later when he put together the truth about Judy impersonating Madeleine Elster causing Scottie to force her to the top of a church tower where she falls off. Insanity itself is not a Noir trope but as stated it has been used in Noirs and an innocent person being put into an asylum is a pretty dark plot device.
Dickens, in A Tale of Two Cities, examined some of critical causes behind falling down of the old order and breaking out the French Revolution but the reader is obsessed, after reading the novel with the horribly brutal act conducted during Reign of Terror. Dickens’s indication that, the newly born female named La Guillotine, the reasonable outcome of the revolution, a demolishing and terrified monster, a voracious lady whose appetite can never be satisfied, is a clear manifestation that The French revolution was a horrific experience for French people as it created more uncertainty and gloomy atmosphere for the French people. The Tale of two city’s voice is harshly cruel in term of its representation for the French revolution. Such representation leads us to sole conclusion that the history repeats itself and the event of the French revolution that took place in the past might have the prospect to happen in the future. As Dickens was deeply concerned about the deteriorated condition his people were going through, he traced back the French
One of these problems was the extremely harsh treatment of the mentally ill, who were often treated as criminals and locked away in dirty, crowded prison cells. After compiling sufficient evidence of the cruel treatment, a woman by the name of Dorothea Dix led a reform movement to fix the problem when she went to the Massachusetts state legislature and exposed the severe conditions that the “insane” were subjected to, stating that they were “confined in this Commonwealth in cages, closets, cellars, stalls, pens! Chained, beaten with rods, lashed into obedience” (Prison and Asylum Reform). Ultimately, her efforts led to the formation of the first generation of mental asylums in the United States. Apart from this movement, Dorothea Dix had helped with other movements, including prison