The core psychoeducational principle is education has a role in emotional and behavioral change. Having knowledge about the illness would help increase their understanding about the illness and symptoms. Particularly in group therapy, having all patients in the group informed about their condition would mean expanding awareness. Furthermore, psychoeducation can be given to patient family or who come along with the patients for treatment. Psychoeducation could begin with an introduction regarding the illnesses or conditions that the group demands.
The primary purpose in psychodynamic counselling is to release repressed emotions and experiences so as to make the unconscious motives conscious. That is, to enable individual to review feelings, thoughts, early-life experiences, and beliefs to gain insight into current problems and patterns of behaviour. It is stated that by identifying recurring patterns, the individual may perceive the ways in which they avoid distress or develop defense mechanisms as a method of coping so that they can take steps to change those patterns (www.goodtherapy.org). Freud’s stage of psychosexual development (and Erikson’s psychosexual stage of development) is a framework that the counsellor may use for the understanding of key developmental tasks characteristic of the various stages of life. The core principles of psychodynamic approaches to counselling include: The belief that early childhood experiences and past events, often unconsciousness, determine how people feel about themselves and their world.
This is due to the vision difference between the two eyes and the fact that the healthy eye has a clear picture typically. The child is not used to the blurry image and cannot see therefore will struggle and whine until their healthy eye is uncovered. Refractive amblyopia may result from anisometropia which is an unequal refractive error between the two eyes. This can be caused if one eye is nearsighted (myopia) and the other is not, if one eye is farsighted (hyperopia) and the other is not, or astigmatism, which is the irregular curvature of the cornea, at a young age. This can also occur if one eye has more of a refractive error than the other has.
Self Hypnosis Taking a skills training approach, I train my clients in self-hypnosis, what are essentially self-help techniques. The techniques used are based on validated research findings, which reveal that problems or disturbances are consequences of destructive and problematic forms of self-hypnosis. Self hypnosis is that internal chattering or self-talk which we all experience in our minds. It can be referred to in a number of ways including cognitions, autosuggestion, self-talk, self-suggestion, self-statements, self-instructions, automatic thoughts etc. Too frequently, internal hypnotic-like talk, these self-suggestions which drive us, influencing our emotions and behaviour, remains for the most part unchallenged.
If, however, the individual is unable to properly cope with the stresses, they should seek education on ways to prevent the acute stress from progressing to something worse. Treating acute stress can be as simple as talking to someone about it or finding a hobby to distract yourself from it (Salvis, 2015). Someone with compassion fatigue should speak with their doctor and hopefully receive psychiatric counseling to help recover and to prevent a relapse of symptoms (Mathieu, 2007). There is no definitive treatment for Cumulative stress or PTSD but there are several options that can help people better cope and return to their normal lives.
NAMING It is a common side effect of dementia to not be able to name common items. In a test where the subject was given a picture or object to look at, dementia patients were significantly worse at name recognition than their non-demented peers (the control group). With demented
The kids in this session often needed to separate themselves from the group when they felt as though they were overstimulated. Overall, they did not have the same attention span as the children in the other group. They were not ready to build relationships with one other as seen in difficulty moving together inside of a cloth band, and they often engaged in soothing, self-stimulating behavior. One child was clearly in the oral stage of development which was seen by putting objects in her mouth (Morningstar, 2017). This is an example of how her movement development did not reflect typical movement patterns of someone her age.
Children who are born with Down syndrome typically go through a series of different therapy sessions as they become older to help their motor functions and speech. There is no question that children who suffer from Down syndrome have obvious physical and mental impairments. Most commonly, these children have slowed motor development, which sets them behind normal children. This motor delay has been “characteristically associated with generalized muscle hypotonia and ligament laxity (Champagne & Dugas, 2010)”. Basically, these children have a significantly lower amount of muscle tone compared to people who are considered “normal”.
Occupational therapy can help a person with Asperger’s thrive physically, emotionally, and socially. As previously stated, if these symptoms were to be left alone, these children and adults would be subjected to bullying, ridiculed, and social isolation due to them being naïve and having concrete views of the world resulting in being vulnerable. Through occupational therapy intervention, this cycle can be interrupted by helping the patient adjust their sensory system. This means, “gaining the physical abilities needed to succeed, acquire valuable social, prevocational, and play skills, and improve their overall ability to function.” Through this intervention, one can not only learn to succeed in the classroom but when the time comes, uphold employment.
Cornelia de Lange syndrome is a developmental disorder that affects many parts of the body. The affected individuals show variable features of this disorder. It ranges from relatively mild to severe. Cornelia de Lange syndrome is characterized by slow growth before and after birth, intellectual disability that is usually severe to profound, skeletal abnormalities involving the arms and hands, feeding difficulties and distinctive facial features.
Autistic children do not like to interact with other children and their parents (10). One major symptom is that autistic children have abnormal cell density in some parts of their brain. The cerebellum in autistic children have less Purkinje cells, which receive and integrate sensory receptions. Autistic children also have larger heads than other children. People with autism also have more serotonin in their peripheral blood (“Autism”).
Exposure is a longstanding hallmark for many behavioral therapy programs which aim is to target anxiety. During exposure, the individual is exposed to a situation that would typically cause an overwhelming amount of anxiety; the individual is then taught to remain in the uncomfortable, other than reverting to typical strategies of avoidance situation until anxiety begins to decrease. In CBT programs used specifically for stuttering treatment, exposure is used to practice fluency in anxiety-ridden situations in a
In turn, as a cognitive message, CBT and a client centered approach helped clients to also identify and respond to not only their individual need but the needs of others in a more empathic, compassionate, and accepting way. Each article includes a randomized cohort but combined the interventions and adaptation of CBT and a client centered approach in order to examine research and provide feedback to substance abuse clients. As we concluded in class often and integration of different models or techniques can play an important role in the application and delivery of a therapeutic intervention and after reading the articles I believe the integration was effective and helped limit the amount of drugs clients used during therapy. In the end, CBT and a client centered approach both take into consideration the conscious mind while allowing clients to examine their individual problems at hand and use of drugs. From what we covered in class and from reading the articles the evidence goes hand in hand and explores how these combined therapies help individuals explore they have the ability to determine their own futures and are not necessarily a product of their past or previous