Trace Evidence In Crime Investigation

2121 Words9 Pages
Abstract
Reconstruction of crime is very much essential to solve any mystery for police and investigative agencies. Correlation of victim, accused, weapon of offence, scene of crime, human behaviour, environmental evidences etc. are very important for the same. A crime reconstruction must require keen observation, understanding of science, recognition of evidences, and application of critical thinking with logic.

Key words
Crime, Reconstruction, Scientific method, Evidence, Ethics.

Introduction
Reconstruction of crime is very much essential to solve any mystery for police and investigative agencies. Fiction characters like Sherlock Holmes, Hercules Pierot, Mrs. Marple, etc. were able to solve crime by gathering various evidences and matching
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Trace evidence can show contact between the victim and suspect or the suspect and the environment of the crime including the path taken and some of the actions. Locard’s principle of exchange is very much important for correlation of victim, accused, weapon, and crime scene. These clues need to be incorporated into the reconstructive analysis. The problem in using this type of evidence is that it requires a crime laboratory analysis before it becomes useful. The information is available for court purposes but is not present during the investigative…show more content…
After a crime is established, crime reconstruction is used to aid in determining the what, who, when, how, and why of the crime. The investigator becomes part of a team of persons involved in the investigation. The information developed in reconstruction is used by the following. Investigators conducting interviews to test the veracity of the statements, Criminal profilers in making a “profile” of the perpetrator, District Attorneys or Defense Attorneys to determine how to prepare and argue their cases in court, The Court in determining
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