Importance Of Criminal Law In Criminal Justice System

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Introduction: The civilized society from the time immemorial devised various methods of punishment to control and record the increasing crime rate and one among them is Criminal Justice System, which comprises of Police, prosecution, presiding officer and others. It is a matter of fact that whenever a crime is committed, the judicial process can’t come into action unless someone reports the incident. It is true that police is the first agency in the Criminal Justice System and is expected to extend protection to every individual and take the cognizance of a crime, whenever committed in their jurisdiction. Moreover, police is not an angle to know about each and every incident which takes place in their jurisdiction. People have an onerous responsibility to report whenever any criminal act is committed in their area and the police is expected to swing into action without losing any time. It is a small percentage of the crimes committed which are actually reported to the police; most of the cases go un-noticed or are not reported at all. Lodging First Information Report (FIR) is a citizen’s fundamental right against any criminal offence. In fact, it is the first requirement of law to be completed for initiating criminal proceedings against any criminal offender. The police is duty bound to register the complaint of an aggrieved person. Even on the telephone an FIR can be recorded. The accused as well as the informant are entitled to a copy of the FIR. In many cases, we

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