Police's Role In The Criminal Justice System

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Introduction: The civilized society from the time immemorial devised various methods of punishment to control and record the increasing crime rate and one among them is Criminal Justice System, which comprises of Police, prosecution, presiding officer and others. It is a matter of fact that whenever a crime is committed, the judicial process can’t come into action unless someone reports the incident. It is true that police is the first agency in the Criminal Justice System and is expected to extend protection to every individual and take the cognizance of a crime, whenever committed in their jurisdiction. Moreover, police is not an angle to know about each and every incident which takes place in their jurisdiction. People have an onerous…show more content…
In fact, it is the first requirement of law to be completed for initiating criminal proceedings against any criminal offender. The police is duty bound to register the complaint of an aggrieved person. Even on the telephone an FIR can be recorded. The accused as well as the informant are entitled to a copy of the FIR. In many cases, we hear that police refuses to file a FIR unless pressurized by media or some social, official or political authority. The person is already suffering and on the other hand, police harasses him by not accepting the FIR. The police officer is duty bound to lodge FIR in every cognizable case. If a police officer gets a complaint from an aggrieved person about the cognizable offense, he must lodge a FIR. When a police officer refuses to do so, one must approach the SP of the concerned area regarding…show more content…
It is a report of information that reaches the police first in point of time and that is why it is called the First Information Report. It is generally a complaint lodged with the police by the victim of a cognizable offence or by someone on his/her behalf. Anyone can report the commission of a cognizable offence either orally or in writing to the police. Even a telephonic message can be treated as an FIR. It is a duty of police to register FIR without any delay or excuses. Non-registration of FIR is an offence and can be a ground for disciplinary action against the concerned police officer. A cognizable offence is one in which the police may arrest a person without warrant. They are authorized to start investigation into a cognizable case on their own and do not require any orders from the court to do so. A non-cognizable offence is an offence in which a police officer has no authority to arrest without warrant. The police cannot investigate such an offence without the court’s

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