While logic is firmly rooted in reason, perceptions are just as firmly rooted in one’s senses and can easily be corrupted. Many kinds of faulty logic or perception interfere with our ability to think critically, for example, superstition, argument from ignorance, false analogies, irrelevant comparison and fallacies. Therefore, I believe that perception is certainly not reality and most mistakes in thinking are inadequacies of perception rather than mistakes of logics. Perception is defined as the ability to see, hear or becomes aware of something through the senses (Nature of Logic and Perception). However, since the senses are susceptible to personal interpretation, they are therefore potentially unreliable sources of data.
Not only must one be willing to evaluate a situation slowly and thoroughly, but one must also respect the views of others and accept the possibility of being wrong. These skills and attitudes are only some of the traits of a strong critical thinker. Cheif. Webber, on Grey’s
Have your decisions been yielding the results you desired? If not, perhaps it is due to a lack of critical thinking. Critical thinking is a vital skill which can be implemented to solve various types of problems. In essence, critical thinking is following a set method of weighing reasons for or against something to reach a conclusion with the ultimate goal of improving yourself as well as others. It directly involves the gaining of knowledge.
According to Went & Turner, 2014, there are also different traditions and contexts in communication where it helps us to break down difficulty when we attempt to understand communication theory and their process. Many people have doubt the purpose of studying communication theory. What do we actually learn from communication theory? According to International Association of Communication Activists (IACACT) (n.d.), one of the importance of understanding communication theory is to cultivate critical thinking skills. Critical thinking skills are important as it shows the perspectives of our thinking and knowledge we have.
Wallace argues that actual thinking and education involves gaining a conscious awareness, often that those around us are in reality just as important as we are. So while people are more likely to attribute behavior to another’s personality, especially if it’s negative, this is far from accurate. This is a big piece to Gilbert’s model if people do not use controlled think or thinking that is effortful, conscious, and intentional (textbook, p.65) to see someone’s situational attribution they are misinterpreting information. This occurs automatically and even involuntary, which is why Wallace referred to it as a default setting. However, even if initially people are making attributions to someone’s internal state, they can change this way of thinking and recognize outside situations.
Critical thinking involves skillfully analyzing and assessing thoughts, using abstract ideas to interpret thoughts effectively, and coming to well reasoned conclusions. Peter Elbow’s proposal is different than what we ordinarily call critical thinking because the doubting game is “seeing” while critical thinking is “looking for.” When people think critically, they question others, they want to see all evidence involved that supports their argument, and they want to answer all questions involving their side of the argument. Critical thinkers tend to stay on the side of an argument that seems more logical or that makes the most sense to them without trying to believe the side that seems illogical. They look for the flaws in the other argument rather than looking at their own through the eyes of the individual with the opposing idea. Elbow’s proposal involves accepting more than one
In an article, Warren stated that “We tend to judge ourselves by our intentions and others by their actions” (Warren 1). This is because no one can truly know what a person 's motives are, but they can know their own intentions. It is easier to conclude an idea of a person based on what one can see and know for sure. A person can have good intentions, but the outcome may turn out unfavorable, knowing the final action is simpler to judge because it can be known for sure. Warren also stated that “If we judged ourselves by how our actions are perceived by others, we may become more sensitive and understanding of any hurtful responses by them” (Warren 1).
Suspending judgement can come from believing that you only know what you are able to experience, and that if judgement does occur, it is because you are trying to find the opposite side to whatever it is that you are judging. In some situations, it comes down to judging others, and focusing on your own morality which was also something that Sextus was trying to communicate within his text. Overall, Sextus ' argument is one that can be interpreted in different ways depending on how one thinks, but at the same time he makes one believe that good deeds will then follow with good
The communicators need to try to make their point in a different way that best suits the message they are sending. To do so, the rhetorical approach can be considered as the most effective means of persuasion as well how to compete discourses shape our thoughts and actions. From this module, Learning Unit, the author established three great approaches that the writers can use to convince the audience. The rhetorical approach recognizes that what works in one situation may not work in another; communicators must be
Humans actions often have a morality justification, Michael B. Gill wrote an essay on “Reflexivity and Justification in Hume's Moral Theory” in which he talks about how he believes people tend to act on their self-interest rather than what would be the right thing to do. Ed had his self-interest reasons to act the way he did. He saw the chance to become something more than what he was and he wasn't going to let that chance pass. Gill also see the point on where some actions have a right moral justification he says “In certain contexts the most relevant reason for acting in a certain way may be that I will not be able to stand the sight of myself if I do otherwise. But in other contexts the most relevant reason may be that if I don't perform certain actions innocent people will suffer.”(Gill, 2018) Eds actions were justified by the same reason Michael B. Gill is talking about in his essay.