Teacher helps learners to express and respondto their cultural learning experiences. Learners move through the stages of learning cycle building skills, developing cultural behavior, discovering cultural explanation. The teacher’s role in the learning cycle is crucial as it can to a great deal influence learner’s attitude towards culture learning. Teacher needs to establish a good working relationship with learners, “creating an atmosphere of mutuality and respect”. Teacher should share his or her own cultural experience with learners in order to help them enter another culture.
The Role of Culture in Language Learning Everybody knows that language is very important in our life. It helps us to communicate with people. Especially we can see it when we learn a new foreign language. To learn foreign languages are meant that to know about their culture and nation. Culture plays an important role in Language Learning .
Meaning is determined by the speaker’s intention as well as interpretation. It is undeniable that meaning is directly connected to context and context is remarkably based on culture. As we can see, pragmatics (the study of language in context) plays an essential role in language communication. Likewise Professor J. Cummins, language and its comprehension is undoubtedly linked to interpersonal cues, such as intonation, gestures, and facial expressions (1994). That is why it is necessary an awareness of culture target in teaching a language.
Culture is the total accumulation of beliefs, customs, values, behaviors, institutions and communication patterns that are shared, learned and passed down through the generation in an identifiable group of people. The establishment of a society 's culture is obtained by members of the community learning from each other and passing down ideas from generation to generation. Culture is the result of creativity, initiative, and humans trying to improve their standard of living and adapt to their environment. As a system, culture is the embodiment of human life; it is influenced by the ideas, behaviors, and the surroundings of the people which make up the community. One of the most important aspects of a culture is the ability to use language.
When you help students learn about their cultural backgrounds and heritages, you are sending a message to the student that you are going to embrace and appreciate his or her cultural background. When students understand their cultural background better, they will get a better sense of who they are as a person. Allowing students to develop a sense of personal identity will allow the students to feel a stronger sense of purpose in everything that they do both inside the classroom as well as outside the classroom.
The development of schemas contributes to a student’s background knowledge which is important in all facets of content learning. A student’s cognitive development is heavily dependent on the environment that they are raised in, referring mainly to whether or not students are exposed to oral and written language. Some of the ways that students can become exposed to oral or written language
The learning of language is an important programme in the life of human. The chief function of language teaching is communication. Whatever language we learn, we should be able to communicate effectively by using language. The linguistic part of it is very significant. Our proficiency in language is must.
Language is a part of linguistics which has function as a means of communication in society. In the society, language is an important factor which determines whether the communication is fluent or not. Therefore, the accuracy of the language is required in order to improve the fluency of the communication. The fluency in speaking or using language is not only in the form of the accuracy in selecting the words and arranging the sentence but also the ability or the accuracy in seeing the situation. It means that an individual who uses the language should know how to use the sentence well and correctly and also should be able to see or know the situation in speaking such as with whom, where, when, and etc.
It means that a learner-centered approach is a useful way in language teaching. When teachers utilise this way, they can assist their students to improve and develop many skills, including communication, autonomy and interaction in their own learning (Wintek, 2012). In the Vietnamese context, to change this passive learning, from contructivist theory, I strongly argue that teachers should apply learner-centered approach in their teaching. Teachers should give their guidance in a necessary way to students as well as give students more chances to manage their own learning. Besides, teachers should not only permit students to work on their own well-balanced learning process but put pressure on students to ensure that they still will work hard.
Contemporary education promises for a student-centered environment where the learner’s learning needs are taken into account in forming pedagogical approaches. The study of the learners’ psychology aims to have a better understanding of how a student may learn best – which then entails for teachers to be responsible in providing motivation for their student as it is deemed necessary. With this shift in educational paradigm as modern educational research took place, the need for teachers to innovate pedagogical approaches arises, and it is where popular culture may serve as one. With this type of pedagogical mind set, it is then appropriate to capitalize on popular culture as a good source of learning materials. With the attempt to use popular