Internet Privacy

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The Internet began in 1969 and was called ARPANET (Georgios I. Zekos, 2002). It's home was US and it was a small scientific project which grew into what became later known as World Wide Web, which allowed various types of information to be send over the Internet. Slowly at first, nonetheless at extraordinary rates afterwards the amount of users started to grow and nowadays Internet has become known as international highway of information. The only requirement to use it is the internet connection and with technologies advancing at incredible speeds all around the world, the amount of information available on the internet grew exponentially especially over the last decade. However, it was later discovered that the Internet can also be used for…show more content…
Chris Reed said that regulating the internet should start with the approach that all laws applied should be equivalent both in online activities as well as offline activities. In both cases, people should have the basic rights of privacy as well as freedom of choice. Also, the cross-border information inflow and outflow causes problems when creating regulations as there are different standards of ethics across borders. In other words, cyberspace may as well be considered as a single intangible entity, therefore general rules set on cyberspace would be applied to all internet users not taking into account the place of residence. However, the fact that internet has no owner or so called controlling body which can apply rules which would be accepted by all means that regulations must be imposed by various specific parties. On the other hand, this means that individuals can impose their own desired restrictions or rules. Despite that, the cyberspace still lacks
The internet is relatively new creation compared to the old technologies such as radio, television or telegraphs, as such, the old models of regulation were mostly ineffective and new models had to be envisioned. Despite that, there are already various different models of cyberspace regulation which are used nowadays, such as different legal rules, social norms private/public institutions as well as different strategies
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In other words, the overall architecture (software, various protocols, devices and programs) have to be regulated by code and as Lawrence Lessig (1999) said: "Code is the law". For example, passwords is one of the main way of blocking or limiting information on the internet or monitoring devices that all actions made by specific device. What is more, protocols as TCP/IP as well as cookies makes roaming the internet activities traceable. This in return, decreases the amount of illegal activities and information transmitted online. What is more, code can be designed to privatize intellectual property, which can be frequently seen nowadays as copyright laws. To put it more simply, it allows to take down information which violates Digital Millennium Copyright Act 1998 (DMCA) (USA). As copyright infringement is one of the most serious and common problems over the cyberspace, industry started to develop code on its own behalf and it was said by Richard Spinello (2000), that computer code can have a bigger effect and force than legal system and laws. As a specific example, YouTube faces copyright infringement everyday, therefore it has it's own Digital Rights Management (a program designed to prohibit copying or uploading copyrighted material by imposing technological
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