Importance Of Distribution Of Population Essay

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Population refers to the people living in an area, region or country. They are the policymakers, deciding what resources would be produced or consumed in a country and are responsible for developing organised societies and cultures. Distribution of Population in the World The world population is not evenly distributed. Some countries of the world like China are densely populated, while countries like Vatican City have a sparse population. The United Nations has estimated the world population to be around 7.49 billion as of March 2017. It has also projected the population to grow to 11.2 billion by 2100. It is estimated that 10% of the land area on Earth is occupied by 90% of the world population. The most-populated region is Asia, which…show more content…
Uttar Pradesh is the most populated state with a density of 828 per sq. km. It accounts for almost 16% of the country's population. On the other hand, the density of Arunachal Pradesh is just 17 per sq. km and that of Andaman and Nicobar Islands is 46 per sq. km. Some of the other densely populated states are Bihar, Maharashtra, West Bengal, Madhya Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Gujarat and Rajasthan. The population of Uttar Pradesh is almost same as that of Brazil. The distribution and density of population is influenced by a number of physical, economic and social factors. All these factors work in combination to affect the population of a place. Hence, it is difficult to isolate the effect of any one factor on the distribution of population. Physical Factors A number of factors like climate, soil fertility, and altitude affect the population of a place. Climate: People usually prefer to live in areas with milder climates and less seasonal variations. Extremely hot and cold places are usually avoided for settlement. For example, places like the Sahara desert and Siberia are mostly

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