Importance Of Emergency Plan

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Emergencies and disasters tend to cause chaos amongst the public. Emergency preparedness greatly depends on understanding the scope and magnitude of potential incidents. The layout and functions of facilities can have an impact in the overall planning of emergency preparedness. The truth is that a vast majority of facilities will never have to respond to large events and incidents. However, it is still important to have an emergency plan that works for the cases that they are needed. The purpose of an emergency plan is to provide organizational structure and to ensure the safe and efficient handling of an emergency situation. It also assigns roles and responsibilities for the implementation of the plan. An emergency plan must put many…show more content…
However, one thing they all have in common is that they are all subject to emergencies. “An airport emergency is any occasion or instance, natural or man-made, that warrants action to save lives and protects property and public health” (U.S. DOT & FAA, 1999). There are many different types of emergencies natural and man-made. Natural disasters such as hurricanes or earthquakes can pose serious dangers. Man-made emergencies can be accidental or intentional. Some examples of man-made emergencies include hazardous materials spill, major fire, power outage, bomb threats, or civil unrest. Further, there can be aviation disasters that occur during flights such as loss of control, plane crash, or severe weather, or non-aviation disasters like the ones previously listed that affect the airport or surrounding area. Emergencies of the same type can also differ widely in severity. Some factors that affect severity include degree or warning, duration, and scope of impact (U.S. DOT & FAA, 1999). While emergencies can hardly be predicted, they can be anticipated and prepared for. This preparation can help to reduce the negative impacts that…show more content…
Components of an airport include the runway & taxiway where aircrafts land and takeoff, the apron where aircrafts park, load, and unload, the terminal building where passenger administration takes place, the control tower where aircraft are directed through controlled airspace, the hangar where aircrafts are serviced, and parking for airport guests and passengers. These components together are all vital to creating evacuation routes as well as understanding the different hazards that could occur in and around the
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