Till the introduction of English in 1962 as the medium of instruction in the Bhutanese schools, Hindi was used to deliver the lessons, along with Dzongkha. Having foreseen the need to interact with the bigger international organizations for the nation’s economic growth, developmental support and security purposes in the near future, then the Hindi was replaced by English as the medium of instruction in the Bhutanese curriculum system. It was warmly accepted by all. In spite of English curriculum running smoothly in Bhutan, today the question is whether, grammar needs to be taught separately. Despite varied views, grammar being an inevitable part of English language has to be given due preference because; it is a second language, grammar has link with writings, it hones communication skills, certain time is allotted for teaching of grammar, good grammar makes a better speaker, and it enables the speaker to answer “why” and “how”.
Whereas (Graddol, 2010) quoted that, “The place of English in India cannot be understood without simultaneously understanding both the local detail and the bigger national picture”. On the contrary English language has emerged as a global language, there are various countries emphasising on teaching English language as basic skill to the youth to prepare them for the civil society of twenty first century. English is considered as lingua franca and provides many advantages to its speakers. As per Graddol (2010), there are three main drivers of English in India, a) Education, b) Employment, and c) Social mobility. All three are interlinked and inter-dependent.
The focus of our ELT program and the role of English in our Educational system is been changing over the years. In 1971 Calcutta university commission stressed the importance of the study of English as part of general education in India. The commission considered English indispensable to the higher education in India. The teaching of English in our colleges received a major set- back after Independence because of the prevailing psychological attitude. The regionalization of the medium of instruction at the university level resulted in an adequate exposure to the English language.
Should English as extracurricular in primary school? English is one of the popular languages in the world because English is an international language which can be used for communicates with people around the world. Besides that, people learn English because they want to in scientific and technological information, international organization, global economic trade, and higher education (McKay, 2003). Therefore, Teaching English as a Foreign Language for Young Learners are important to show in the world that Indonesian children also have great knowledge as good as children in another country, in another word Indonesian children have good result of globalization. Moreover, elementary school student who can memorize easily need to know the world and they need foundation to master or know about some knowledge which use English as the language.
Consequently, this use of language received a central place in language instruction. Morley (1991) and Bowen (1972) suggested the teaching of pronunciation will be gained better result if pronunciation forms a necessary part of oral communication than it is separated to teach. And pronunciation purposed a new perspective and said that students do not need achieve native-like or perfect pronunciation, intelligible pronunciation is sufficient and essential component of oral communication Current perspectives Based on the changes occurred during different part of history of pronunciation teaching and new perspectives of its teaching, there are clear principles to teach pronunciation, which are followed in current instruction 1. Pronunciation should be approached both segmental and suprasegmental features. Suprasegmental features are more significant than segmental features.
By that, the components of syllabus still refer to KTSP guideline, i.e., competency standard, basic competency, learning material, learning activity, indicator, assessment, time allocation, and learning source. The Functions of Learning. As said by the teachers of MI Muhammadiyah kota Gorontalo, English is taught at extracurricular activities in purpose of an introduction. By introducing English early to the students, the students could produce more correct pronunciations and good English expressions. This also can develop students’ basic proficiency in four basic English skills.
I believe that the final goal of learning English is to communicate fluently and accurately. To develop and improve students’ communicative ability in English, I also realize a balance in the four skills (including listening, speaking, reading, and writing) is important, together with developing sub-skills (for example: pronunciation, skim-reading). However, depend on students’ needs, I may help the students achieve their own goals, at least help them to be confident in English communication and to pass tests at
Language system is a system of communication that contains sounds, words, and grammar that are being uses whether in daily conversation, business or education. Since, English is a global language and important, so we have to study the language system in order to improve language skills. The main factor that makes English language system important is communication. In order to communicate, we have to use language to connect with each other. As we have said that English is a universal language so it is very important to know its system or how to use it.
An appropriate syllabus will help teacher and learner obtain the aims and objectives of an English course or in other words, it contributes a great deal to the success of an English course. Regarding the necessary of designing a syllabus Hutchinson and Waters (1987) explain why we should have a syllabus by giving out a list of reasons for having a syllabus. According to these co-authors, some of the reasons that make a syllabus important
The proficiency in English language helps the student to earn better grades and select the subject of their choice. The ESL classrooms are also available to the students in case they score less. These classrooms provide an enhanced and personal attention in developing English language learning (Foo & Richards, 2004). The professional preparation of the English teachers in Malaysia is required for the purpose of right education delivery. These English teachers should not only be capable of English language but should have ability in mathematics and science teaching in English.