This interpretation has been used to describe ‘sustainable tourism’ as well, which is often viewed as a sub-set of sustainable development. This interpretation however, lacks consideration for social and ecological impacts, instead only focusing on economic changes. Nonetheless, because of the widespread adoption of this interpretation, it has become the basis of comparison among other definitions of sustainable development (Imran, Alam & Beaumont, 2014). Sustainable tourism is tourism that is implemented and maintained, in a way that allows its long-term presence without damage or change to the environment in which the place exists to a point where it will hinder the progress and stability of other operations by stakeholders (Wahab & Pigram, 1997). Sustainable tourism requires people to take a long-term approach in monitoring economic activities to determine the need for continued economic growth, and if that growth will impact a destination such that it is unable to provide for future visitors (Theobald, 2005).
However, as a result of the various definitions and concepts of ecotourism as discussed above, in this study, the definition of ecotourism will adopt the definition suggested by IUCN and accepted by MOCAT. This definition is “environmentally responsible travel and visitation to relatively undisturbed natural areas, in order to enjoy and appreciate nature, that promotes conservation, has low visitor impact and provides the beneficially active socio-economic involvement of local populations”. Another definition from the IUCN stated that ecotourism is a form of tourism that is focused on the discovery of cultural and natural heritage and committed to
Aside from that, they must also invest on the conservation, preservation, and improvement of the country’s attractions. The government must strategize on how to maintain and further develop our biodiversity, national products, and cultural background because these are factors that attract tourists. They should encourage investors and innovators in this industry so that the tourism industry will continuously grow and generate better benefits for the country. After defining the roles of the key players and encouraging innovation, they should then plan the long term vision for this industry. Strict regulation laws to maintain the tourist attractions must also be implemented.
The government needs to help economically by providing funds to improve on road networks, rejuvenation of tourist attractions and sites, museums, accommodation facilities, restaurant facilities, portable water and electricity, good transportation system, sanitation and introduce new tourism products that will attract tourist to the country. There is a need to rejuvenate the existing tourist attract attractions or site to help generate more revenue to the economy. The industry needs to adopt more qualified personnel to help trained the workers and help improve on the industry productivity. There is a need to upgrade hospitality and tourism institution by providing the training institutions with qualified instructors, good facilities, standard required programs and accreditations. 5.2 Promote Private Public Partnership for investments in the Industry The private sector would be involved in the development of tourism in Ghana should also come in the form of financial support to the public sector to implements projects that would be geared toward a vibrant tourism in Ghana.
The social exchange paradigm can be a useful theory that can explain both the positive and negative impacts of the tourism industry as perceived by the host group. According to this theory, people always pursue what is valuable, which means that the perceived value is one of the crucial factors that determines the residents' awareness of the tourist. Andereck et al. (2005) explains that "stakeholders' attitudes toward and support for tourism in their community will be influenced by their evaluations of the actual and perceived outcomes tourism has in their community". It means that if perception of local community is base on benefit from an exchange they evaluate it positively and therefore they help to promote and develop tourism.
Tourism industry become important to our country. Increasing in demand of this industry will give advantages to individuals and also the parties that responsible on it. In many years ago and to the future, the tourism industry has been sold as a products and also services to consumers as to tourists too. There are so many interesting places that can be visited in our country. Of course in Kedah too, many attractive places that can be visited by tourists.