Therefore by performing an environmental audit, it will help companies to know which problems the company could be facing. This will allow companies to create a competitive advantage if they understand where they stand with the environment (Hamand, n.d). Another benefit of the environmental auditing is that, it assist companies in provision of management decision support data, liability assurance, the creation of an additional measurement tool, better compliance management, an aid in educating the employees and tool for public relations and marketing (Hamand, n.d). EPA (2015) had indicate that environmental audit helps companies to have better compliance with regards to environmental legislation and it also assist companies not to have surprises as they will know compliance status as soon as possible ad not to discover it when too late. EAPA (2015) further indicated that environmental audit also assist companies to have fewer penalties and suits and assist them to have a better public image with local.
Introduction External Quality Assurance (EQA) refers to the actions of an external body which is independent from the institution, which assesses its operation or programmes to determine whether they meet the set standards. ( It is about determining that quality guidelines and requirements are achieved by education providers. There are basic approaches of EQA these are audit, assessment and accreditation. Although these terms are used interchangeably, they play distinctive roles in determining smooth and fair processes by EQA agencies. EQA agencies have particular roles and responsibilities to ensure that quality is maintained at all times.
According to Shrivastava (2) an EIA is prepared for proposed actions when it is not known whether the proposal would result in significant impacts on the environment-the documents that are prepared to determine whether a proposed project has the potential to cause significant impacts on the environment. EIA’s are prepared for projects that have the potential to result in significant impacts to the environment. The aim of Environmental Impact Assessment The aim of Environmental Impact Assessment is to protect the environment by the assessment of environmental implications of a decision to enact legislation, local planning as well as initiating development of projects (Wathern,2013:1).Thus, it is the process of identifying the consequences of
When the Enterprise Architecture is utilised in such a way, its framework can be used to make rational decisions on what will be the best practises to be adopted, the coverage area and the relationship among or between each other. Figure 1-3 illustrates how EA serves as an organizing context for the adoption and use of best practices (Bernard, 2012, p. 35). b) What Organisation and System theories would influence an EA development? Do their influences differ between small- and large-size enterprises? Discuss.
(Guinée et al., 2002) 3) Impact assessment The Life Cycle Impact Assessment phase is mainly focussed on further processing and the interpretation of the results of the Inventory phase. Additional a list of impact categories is defined that relate to the goal and scope of the study. The corresponding results from the inventory analysis to the indicators are calculated in the characterisation step. Also a normalisation step is included to indicate the share of the modelled results in a worldwide or regional total?????? (Guinée et al., 2002) 4)
It includes environmental auditing ISO 14010, 14011 and 14012; environmental labels and declarations ISO 14020, 14021 and 14024; environmental performance evaluation ISO 14031; life cycle assessment ISO14040, 14041, 14042 and 14043; and the inclusion of environmental aspects in product ISO 14060 (Christopher S. Decker 2003). ISO 14001 is an Environmental Management System standard that has structured to be applicable to virtually any industrial producer. It examines the following main categories of environmental management process: (1) establishment of an environmental policy, (2) environmental planning, (3) policy implementation and operation, (4) monitoring and corrective action programs, and (5) Management review. It provides a basic structure for industrial firms to improve their environmental performance through the establishment of environmental goals, implementation of a plan for achieving those goals, monitoring progress, and corrective action. In developing countries, ISO 14001 is in the developmental stage but it has created awareness among many industrial entities throughout the developed and developing countries (Vastag & Melnyk, 2002); (S. Banerjee 2007).
Conducting population surveys; Environmental Impact Assessments are part of the work I do. I play an advisory role to the organisation as required in the preparation of policy documents and formulating comprehensive plans for conservation areas. Based at the heart of the Zambezi Valley, I am the focal person for UNESCO World Heritage Sites (natural sites) and the Middle Zambezi Biosphere Reserve, and my roles are to coordinate and provide for expert advice on the conservation of the area. Leadership Being a leader and being influential is a
Ecological risk assessment is defined herein as a process that evaluates the likelihood that adverse ecological effects may either occur or are occurring to indigenous as a result of exposure to selected invasive species. The assessment will be divided into four principal components according to Landis (2004) and Schleier et al. (2008). The assessment determined both the risk of of the stated invasive species establishment and spread, and the potential detrimental effects it may have on indigenous species and other species of concern. The first component described the organism of interest, or stressor, as invasive species and outlined its kenned or potential adverse ecological impacts on receiving environments.
Life cycle assessments are used for their depth of analysis into the different phases of a product, providing a more complete picture to the environmental impact. The Four Steps to a Life Cycle Assessment Step 1: Defining the Goal and Scope The first step to a life cycle assessment is to define the goal and scope of the project. Factors such as the intended audience will affect the goal of the report. For example, if a company is
Environment Planning involves external factors like trends and markets and internal factors like infrastructure and personnel. The STEEPLE analysis for organization and shows all the forces affecting organisational change. An environmental impact assessment (EIA) is an assessment of the possible positive or negative impact that a proposed project may have on the environment, together consisting of the environmental, social and economic aspects. The purpose of the assessment is to ensure that decision makers consider the ensuing environmental impacts when deciding whether to proceed with a project. External assessment involves identifies the change drivers social, political, economic, legislative, technological, globalization and industry-related outside factors that might detract from company performance.