Essay On Environmental Law

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Environmental law refers to the laws related to all aspects of the environment including, inter alia, vegetation, biodiversity, air quality, water use and waste. The United Nations Environment Programme defines environmental law as “body of law, which is a system of complex and interlocking statutes, common law, treaties, conventions, regulations and policies which seek to protect the natural environment which may be affected, impacted or endangered by human activities.” Each law related to the environment differs from country to country as each country will have unique environmental aspects that need protection as well as specific targets that have been set by their governments to protect the environment. Most sources (Shelton and Kiss (2005)…show more content…
Specific Environmental Management Acts
Specific Environmental Management Acts are legislation that have been developed for specific environmental aspects under Chapter 9 of the NEMA - these acts include:

The National Water Act, 1998 (Act No. 36 of 1998) governs, inter alia, the use, management and protection of water resources.

The National Environmental Management: Protected Areas Act, 2003 (Act No.57 of 2003) governs the formal protection of sensitive areas that are worthy of protection in trying to achieve the national targets of protected areas.

The National Environmental Management: Waste Act, 2008 (Act No. 59 of 2008) governs the storage, handling and disposal of various types of waste.

The National Environmental Management: Integrated Coastal Management Act, 2008 (Act No. 24 of 2008) governs activities associated with activities along the coast. This includes, inter alia, the use of vehicles in the coastal zone, the discharge of effluent into the sea and structures within the coastal space.
The National Environmental Management: Air Quality Act, 2004 (Act No. 39 of 2004) governs the release of emissions into the atmosphere and to ensure that the standards and limits that have been set at a national scale are met and adhered
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