OSH is also designed to protect other members of the public who are impacted by the workplace environment. When accidents happen, the costs are high for people, profits and also productivity. One of the best ways to avoid injuries and minimise costs is through good planning and co-ordination
1.4 OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH MANAGEMENT SYSTEM Occupational Safety and Health (OSH) also referred as Occupational Health and Safety (OHS) concerned the area of safety, health and welfare cover of activities or the people engaged in work. The conditions and the environment that affect the persons at the workplace are included under the field of OSH. The goals of OSH is to ensure the safety and health of the workplace environment and protect the co-workers, family members, employers and others who possible to be affected by the workplace surrounding or conditions. The risks of occupational accidents are happened in the workplace environment still high, so the prevention is needed. Occupational Safety and Health Management System (OSHMS)
By determining the level of risk associated with the hazard, the employer and the joint health and safety committee can decide whether a control program is required. It is important to remember that the assessment must take into account not only the current state of the workplace but any potential situations as well. See a sample risk assessment form. How are the hazards identified? Overall, the goal is to find and record possible hazards that may be present in your workplace.
Policy statement A statement of principles and general rules that serve as guides for action is called an organization 's occupational health and safety policy. Generally, the common perception is that the policy statement can be brief, but it should mention: • management 's commitment to protect the safety and health of employees • the objectives of the program • the organization 's basic health and safety philosophy • who is accountable for occupational health and safety programs • the general responsibilities of all employees • that health and safety shall not be sacrificed for expediency • that unacceptable performance of health and safety duties will not be tolerated There are certain pre requisites associated with the policy also. These include: • stated in clear, unambiguous, and unequivocal terms • signed by the incumbent Chief Executive Officer • kept up-to-date • communicated to each employee • adhered to in all work activities Program
This is a document that outlines how the company will safeguard the health and safety of employees at work and other people that visit the premises (HSA, 2016). A company should ensure that procedures are put in place to address the possibility of violence, bullying and harassment in the workplace. If complaints are ignored, the employer can be sued for damages. An employee must not suffer victimisation or be mistreated for exercising their rights under the safety and health legislation (HSA,
I will discuss the importance of employee training, personal safety, safety slogans, environmental safety and informational posters. INJURY PREVENTION: Preventing injuries in the workplace is the main objective for workplace safety. Developing plans in detail, providing guidance in any event such as an accident, fire, or other emergencies. These plans will identify the roles and duties when
For this essay I will write an article using a compelling argument as to why health and safety should be considered as an important aspect of managing any new or existing business. Occupational health and safety are regulations and procedures intended to prevent accident or injury in workplaces or public environments. (0xford dictionary). The laws and regulations are in place to make the workplace better and keep workers, customers and the public safe. According to (hse 1) The health and safety at work act 1974 is the primary piece of legislation covering occupational health and safety in Great Britain.
2) National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health Malaysia (NIOSH) (NIOSH, n.d.) role of NIOSH is entrust to promote a safe and health workplace and workforce in Malaysia, committed to assit employer and employees to effectively manage the occupational safety and health in the organisation and dedicated to provide quality solutions for occupational safety and health issues manner of proffessionals with approaching pramatic that reasonable and practicable. This programme will improve employers and employees knowledge in matters related to safety and health concept and principles. It also enables them to perform this programmes to meet the requirements and regulations of OSHA. 3) CIDB Green Card Malaysia (Malaysia, n.d.) CIDB Green Card is an integrated programme that register and accreditate of construction personnel to improving the safety levels at construction sites. The special insurance that covers construction personnel against death and accidents will be automatically covered to whom registers in this CIDB Green
Prevention can be classified in primary, secondary and tertiary levels (Smith 2010). Primary prevention aims to avert diseases or injury before it ever occurs. This is done by limiting exposures to hazards and altering unhealthy or unsafe behaviours. Therefore public health agencies should monitor health status to establish community health issues. Should exposure occur, primary prevention is the resistance to disease or injury.
For this reasons organizations have to relay not only on safety equipment but attempt to adopt a safety culture within the organization. Also companies must ensure to employees the easy access to functional occupational health services. Companies have to deal with the term accident from different prospective such us provide their employees with free safety session to make some security practices in order to understand and promote safety consciousness, awareness and alertness among staff members. Companies have to enhance their employees to get more security lessons. according to Schenkelbach (1975) Management must integrate a safety department within its company structure in order to require for Identification and examination of safety and health risks, hazard assessment, improvement of unmanageable risks And take into accounts of all injuries and accident reports, as well follow-up episodic details on safety programs, In addition to that, collecting data concerning the acceptance of safety procedures for job performance by employees.