The methods of data collection between quantitative and qualitative research studies are not isolated; there is a significant overlap between these studies. The purpose of collecting information influences the choice of a specific method and each method has its own advantages and disadvantages and appropriate for certain circumstances. Qualifications of information are depended on several factors. Thus, the applying of open-ended and closed questions is suitable for diverse situations and both of them have strengths and weakness. These methods recommended in this chapter ensure that questions in an instrument have a direct link to researcher’s objective.
From the other hand the purpose of research is reflected in the type of conclusion the researcher aims to draw or the goals of the research (Blanche , Martin and others,2006). There are basically three types of research purpose; Exploratory, Descriptive and Explanatory. 4-3-1 Exploratory research This research is one of the important methods of conducting research studies. Researcher always give proper attention to this research type in order to find out the answer to their research question. This research type is beneficial for conducting the research study because the main objective of this research type is to collect maximum information related to specific problem.
INTRODUCTION Undeniably Epistemology,The Theory Of Knowledege And Metaphysics The Study Of Existence Plays A Major Role In Philosphy.In A Closer View, Epistemology Is The Study Of Our Method Of Acquiring Knowledge. It Answers The Question, “What We Know” And "How Do We Know?" It Encompasses The Nature Of Concepts, The Constructing Of Concepts, The Validity Of The Senses, Logical Reasoning, As Well As Thoughts, Ideas, Memories, Emotions, And All Things Mental. It Is Concerned With How Our Minds Are Related To Reality, And Whether These Relationships Are Valid Or Invalid. Epistemology Is The Explanation Of How We Think.
They provide, more or less, a complete perspective on how we might understand a particular client’s situation. A theory suggests an approach to practice and will often supply techniques that are consistent with the theoretical explanation. Hence, theory unfolds into the practice approach, which translates into a technique. Some social workers have a purist approach, to practice in that they use a particular theory to explain the variety of problems with which clients present. Others have a more eclectic approach, either using different theories as they seem useful (theoretical eclecticism) or using differing techniques derived from differing theoretical frameworks as appropriate (technical eclecticism) Payne
91), …… and a unique kind of purposeful thinking in which the thinker systematically and habitually imposes criteria and intellectual standards upon the thinking, taking charge of the construction of thinking, guiding the construction of the thinking according to the standards, and assessing the effectiveness of the thinking according to the purpose, the criteria, and the standards (1993, p.21). Paul (1995) proposes three important features of a comprehensive critical thinking. Firstly, it is a kind of thinking which is responsive to and guided by intellectual standards, namely, relevance, accuracy, precision, clarity, depth, and breadth. Secondly, it is the thinking that supports the development of intellectual traits in the thinker. These traits include intellectual humility, intellectual integrity, intellectual perseverance, intellectual empathy, and intellectual self-discipline, among others.
3. Management of Psychological Assessments The ethical and fair use of assessment measures in any context is vitally important and should be considered in any process. Fairness according to Moerdyk (2015) is the described as a process where individuals who have similar attributes are treated equally but ultimately differentiates those individuals who possess attributes that are different. According to International Test Commission (1999), a fair assessment process typically involves an appropriate, fair, professional and ethical use of assessment measures, an assessment practitioner taking into account the needs and rights of all individuals involved in the assessment process, the assessment practitioner ensuring that the assessment measure that is administered is a close match to the purpose for which the assessment results will be used and lastly the assessment practitioner should take the broader social, political and cultural contexts into consideration before, during and after the assessment process (as cited in Foxcroft & Roodt,
DQ #2: What are the major advantages and challenges to using a qualitative approach in social science research? Apply these advantages and challenges to your topic of interest. Answer Data collection methods in Social Science research may be grouped into three main categories namely: Quantitative, Qualitative and Mixed research. The research method is basic to the success of any research activity and is essential to maintaining the integrity of research. Krishnamurthi, Cabrera, and Karlovsky, (2004) argue that the selection of the appropriate data collection instruments and their correct use help to reduce or eliminate the likelihood of errors.
Research Design This study will use a qualitative, descriptive research methodology. Qualitative research can be defined as an overarching concept of several forms of research which help to illuminate and explain the meaning of phenomenon in social settings (Merriam, 1998). The data collection methodologies included in qualitative research are observations, interviews, and analysis of written documents and artifacts (Patton, 2002). The interview using the guide questions will allow for greater analysis of individual depth and detail. The case study method is the preferred choice of methodology given that it allows the researcher to explore additional avenues of information that may arise in the case study of the participating higher education
Information management and technology innovation has many important to catalog. Who speak very well of others are equally an important achievements. In US, the development of electronic record keeping are nothing without NARA’s Electronic Records Archives (ERA) systems to help because of the different laws governing federal and presidential records. Because of this, they can reduce