This means that learning outcomes are clear, learning experiences are designed to assist student achievement of those outcomes, and carefully designed assessment tasks allow students to demonstrate achievement of those outcomes. Assessment is a process that focuses on student learning, a process that involves reviewing and reflecting on practice as academics have always done, but in a more planned and careful way (Ewell, 2000). According to Cox and Godfrey (1997) the process of utilizing assessment and evaluation within the context of education relates to the principles of good teaching and classroom management. Assessment and evaluation are necessary aspects of the teaching process because educational objectives are often very broad in their scope and, as such, are often vague. The teacher must therefore interpret these broad objectives and establish specific and tangible
and design instruction that develops students' self-perceptions of their academic skills. And by large will lead a way for in making Quality primary education a dream come true. The present study titled ‘Teacher Efficacy in Relation to Teacher Motivation and Personality of Primary School Teachers is a survey study. In this study the researcher has made an earnest attempt to find out the relationship between Teacher Efficacy and its dimensions with Teacher Motivation and Personality of Primary School Teachers. This chapter presents the explanation and discussion on the above issues under the sub-title theoretical frame work, present status of the study, related to Teacher Efficacy, Teacher Motivation and Personality.
34) stated “the constructive alignment based on constructivism in learning and alignment in teaching where aims, objectives and assessment and teaching and learning activities align constructively” (p. 34). The most essential thing is whatever evaluation assignment we utilize it ought to be obviously adjusted to the learning result and showing and learning exercises Assessing the learner’s performances is a crucial tool in the teaching and learning process and must reliable with the objectives and what is taught and learnt such as assessments tasks, learning objectives, and instructional strategies. This paper will be a discussion based on, what is the most appropriate methods of assessment should be use to measure and evaluate student learning? “The research on formative assessment and feedback is reinterpreted to show how these processes can help students take control of their own learning, i.e. become self-regulated learners.
The learners need to be considered which is of the greatest value for teaching and learning an explicit curriculum or an implicit curriculum. Implicit, or hidden, curriculum also refers to lessons that students take from teachers' attitudes and the school environment. This learning can be either conscious or unconscious. For instance, the location of a teacher's desk at the front of a classroom underscores his authority and positions him as the center of the class's attention. A school's rigid class schedule may make students perceive learning as an inflexible and authoritative process.
Theme B: Review on the Impact of Social Constructivism for Pre-school Education. Early childhood education generally means an education before the child start of formal schooling or before the age they required to attend the school. It is crucial stage of life in development the physical, intellectual, emotional and social lifestyle of the children. For the basic education method the approach must base on their prior knowledge and practice is called “constructivism”. Social constructivism is the one of the theories of learning and pedagogy that had the utmost impact on tutoring and curriculum design because they seem to be the most conducive to integration into current educational approaches.
Curriculum models provide a structure for teachers to “systematically and transparently map out the rationale for the use of particular teaching, learning and assessment approaches” in the classroom, and are regarded as an effective and essential framework for successful teachers (O’Neill 2015, p27). Feeding into a particular curricular stance, it is essential to recognise the multiplicity of sources which will govern this individual framework. Oronstein and Hunkins observe that, when designing a curricular stance, educators must first consider the “philosophical and learning theories” which will inform their “design decisions” (2009, p182). This approach is essential to ensure that the curricular approaches one selects are “consonant with
Early literacy plays a central role in making the kind of knowledge possible with early learning and experiences linked to academic achievements. Even though, it includes academic features to perform the process in acquiring skills; the emergence is considered most crucial. To be more precise, “children’s use of signs, symbols and modalities is not arbitrary, but is structured and reflects strategic choices by them to represent things that are important to them” (Kress, 1997, p.9). He emphasizes that children learn best at discovering and contemplating to interpret their findings, which represents their curiosity to learn and experience. Likewise, the language development in early years portrays the process of becoming; acquiring, improving
According to Tracy Huber (2008, 1) “A teacher’s most essential job is to help students gain and retain knowledge —to take true ownership of what they have learned.” Through this quote we can interpret that learners need support such as concrete manipulatives to perform the necessary task in order to grasp the concepts. However concrete manipulatives have an important part to play in a learners schooling life especially towards maths. In my essay below I will explain the conceptual and procedural knowledge, the history of manipulatives, my understanding of concrete manipulatives, ways in which manipulatives can support students, how manipulatives help students gain conceptual knowledge and how a grade 3 teacher can teach Cuisenaire rods in equivalent
But a single score in traditional tests may reveal students’ different understanding of the subject matter and may show that they have employed different strategic processes. Sole dependence on tests consisting of response-choice items may lead to instruction that emphasizes recall of facts and the application of memorized routines or procedures. Cowie and Moreland (2015) in his book stated that for students to become discerning, classroom assessment needs to ensure students experience and exercise individual and decision making. It must be applied to their everyday life and used for a long life learning. However, if assessment requires synthesis of information, divergent thinking and evaluation, instruction is more likely to include activities that promote these skills.
School and teachers can influence the extent and quality of learning for all students. Teacher’s beliefs, practices and attitudes are important for understanding and improving educational processes. They are closely linked to teachers’ strategies for coping with challenges in their daily professional life. Educators have control over numerous factors that influence motivation, achievement and behaviour of students. They are turning around their approach into a focus on creating positive school climate and responsive classroom as part of holistic quality education based on child rights where there is effective teaching and classroom management, thus enhancing students’ learning experiences.
It was discovered that in education there were certain areas that were universal and common among learning. The two main subjects of concern were English language arts and mathematics. Common core is the new curriculum implemented now in school systems to develop learning. Common Core Standards are a clear set of shared goals and expectations for the knowledge and skills students need in English language arts and mathematics at each grade level so they can be prepared to succeed in college, career, and life. Although, Common Core seems to be here to stay this article addresses concerns in reference to content, instruction, and assessment.
Students come to school at different academic levels. These educators need to be able to accurately assess where a student is academically and be able to move them forward. Outstanding educators use informal and formal assessments to drive their instruction. These educators guide students to set their own goals and to work hard to achieve them. Outstanding educators instruct students at the edge of their academic levels, gently pushing students towards their goals.
In terms of curriculum planning and initiatives to select core texts for instruction, at least one conversation should be held in regards to the real world application and relevance of a text. The idea that a text is relevant to the current society as well as student lives is crucial to a successful school environment. Students must be able to make direct connections between what they are reading and the world around them. Teachers are the necessary connectors of the concepts. Therefore, if a text were to be chosen that encapsulates real world application and relevance in a modern society, that obvious choice is Ray Bradbury’s Fahrenheit 451.