Importance Of Ethnicity In Manipur

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Ethnic population of Manipur The name Manipur is only applicable, popularly speaking to the Hindu dweller of the plain areas. The wild tribes are divided generically into the two groups the Nagas and Kukis-Chin-Zomi [Dun1886:13]. The recognized Naga groups are Anal, Chiru, Chothe, Kabui, Kacha Nagas, Koireng, Kairao, Lamkang, Mao, Maram, Maring, Monsang, Moyon, Sema, and Tangkhul (Thangal, Poumei, Liangmei, Tharao are yet to be listed as scheduled tribes separately). The Kuki-Chin Zomi includes Zou, Vaiphei, Simte, Paite, Aimol, Gangte, Thadou, Shuhte, Ralte, and other are Kom, Hmar, etc. (ibid) Since early 1980s, ethnic assertions based on respective social, culture, linguistic and political reasoning has been very expressive. Undoubtedly such an assertion for rights or resistance movements has often led to an armed movement as explicitly seen in Manipur. The concept to ethnicity particularly in the state of Manipur could be observed by the following reasons; (i) all social groups manifest distinctive social and cultural personality and linguistic entity, (ii) there is no cultural and social organization interaction despite of their physical affinity, and (iii)historical and religion factors. Today, concepts of 'us ' and 'them ' , 'dominant ' and ' minority ', and tribal and non-tribal are very much prevalent. (ibid) Donald (1985:219) writes, 'language is a symbol of domination '. Assimilation as per Bookman (1997) is the elimination of differences between peoples, as

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