Role of Feedback Feedback can provide students with information about strengths and weaknesses of responses, the outcomes achieved and students’ performance in relation to standards and to other students. For students, effective feedback on responses to assessment tasks should include: what was expected from the task, meaningful information about the quality of work, clear statements about how to improve, correction of misunderstandings, reinforcement of what has been done well. For teachers, effective feedback enables them to evaluate: teaching and learning programs, teaching strategies, assessment strategies, assessment task design, marking guidelines. According to QQI guidelines, when developing their quality assurance system, providers'
It also raises learners’ awareness about their current abilities and achievements. The authors further add that FA can be a diagnostic tool for students, which helps them to recognize their weaknesses, solve their problems, and make realistic decisions. Additionally, assessment lets students know how they are making progress and gives teachers feedback on their teaching. According to Young and Kim (2010), “using assessment and other data to improve instruction is a powerful proposition” (p. 28). McMillan (2007) also believes FA provides students with ongoing corrective feedback, improves learning, and encourages student involvement.
Assessments: peer and self-assessment are crucial in providing opportunity to metacognitive thinking about education, in addition to assess own progression for meaningful productive feedback. 5. Established learning: teacher and student roles in the learning process should be established. Teachers need to create an environment where student can establish trust and mutual respect, as well as experience harmless constructive feedback. As defined by Bell & Cowie (2001), there are nine characteristics of formative assessment: responsiveness; source of evidence; tacit process; use of professional knowledge and experience; integral measures between teaching and learning; assessments by teacher and student; purpose; appropriateness of process; and predicaments.
Peer assessment aids students to develop their judgment skills, critiquing abilities, and self-awareness. They learn to be more responsible while striving to figure out their points of strength and weakness. Peer assessment lifts the role and status of the students from passive learners to active leaners. What are the advantages of peer assessment? There are many advantages for peer assessment.
Assessment and evaluation is an instrument that is used to measure the performance of teachers and students. It is an integral part of teaching and learning process. Assessment aids in decision making as it determines whether or not the goal of education are being met. It plays a major role in how students learn, their motivation to learn and how teachers teach. It also enables one to think: “are we teaching what we think we are teaching?” “Are students learning what they are supposed to be learning?” These are relevant question that one should ask when it comes to assessment; therefore, this essay will highlight on the role of assessment in teaching and learning.
Therefore, rubric can be used for summative assessment or formative assessment. Gipps & James, (1998) stated “we need to consider not only the teaching and learning activities, but also the assessment tasks”. Moreover, summative assessment are beneficial to many group of people such as teachers, school, parents and students. Teachers or schools can use these assessments to identify strengths and weaknesses of the curriculum and evaluate the standard of students.
Formative, summative, traditional, alternate are ways of assessment. Research shows that it is important to use multiple assessments to test a students ability, Walt Honey, 1991, quoted in Assessment as Learning by Lorna Earl, 2003). Conventional and alternative assessment task are the two main domain of assessment types. Conventional which is also known as traditional assessment is a component of summative assessment which will be tested to provide final feedback to stakeholders about learners achievement. It also help teachers to assign grades and determine learner's current ability.
The importance of accommodating students’ perception. Struyven, Dochy and Janssens (2002) state that accommodating student’s perception is really useful in order to know student’s ideas, beliefs, images, opinions, feelings about something which is related to teaching and learning context. It shows that student’s perception is important because it contains about student’s beliefs and opinions which means that it can help to create a better quality in teaching and learning context. Besides, Kanwisher (2000) also adds that perception is someone’s feeling towards particular object. It means that knowing students’ perception is really meaningful in order to know what things that they love or what things need to be improved.
Assessment for Learning Align assessment with the constructive, student-centred learning models. For instance, self and peer assessment. Formative assessments must connect the teacher–student communication in learning and providing instruction. There is a requirement of timely and understandable feedback in order to better lead the students in future learning. (Carless 2005).
The findings of the study would help and used to formulate policies and interventions for improving students learning. This, in turn, is supposed to help educationists, planners and parents to chalk out plans and policies suitable for the betterment of students’