Delimitations factors includes the choices of objective ,research questions , perspective that you adopted, variables of interests and population you choose to investigate. The problem of choice that one chooses is the first delimitation itself. This means you had other related problems that you could have chosen but decide to screen them off and took one from many. PERSONAL ASPECT Delimitations as one the concepts in research are of vital purpose. It guides you so that you don’t derail from what you intend to do it explains or defines on why you carrying on such a study so that one does not lose track of its purpose.
Program Evaluation Concept Analysis The focus of program evaluation is on outcomes and program effectiveness. The goal of program evaluation is to determine whether a program is meeting its intended goals and how it is impacting the community it serves. Organizations employ evaluators to ensure accountability and compliance regarding the budget to the program activities. Program evaluation is performed through the creation of a research design depending on the type of evaluation needed. For example, program evaluations can address a needs assessment, theory and design, implementation of a program, effectiveness, or efficiency (Rossi, Lipsey, & Freeman, 2004).
This aim is further divided into objectives on which whole of the study is resolving. These objectives are as follows: • To determine the concept and history of attachment theory • To evaluate the ways in which attachment style of a client with self-esteem issues assist in treatment plan and case formulation in CBT • To assess the attachment styles in order to attain core beliefs earlier at the time of drawing formulation with the client Research Questions The main research question of the study i.e., does knowing the attachment style of a client with Self-esteem issues can help in the case formulation and treatment plan in CBT? Further divided into varied questions that can help in achieving aims and objectives of research investigation, • What are the basic concepts and history of attachment theory? • What are the ways in which attachment style of a client with self-esteem issues assist in treatment plan and case formulation in CBT? • How attachment style of client can be assessed in case of formulation and treatment plan in CBT?
It is also important to consider accuracy, retention, availability and disposal of information issues relating to secure recording of information e.g. systems of manual recording, security of electronic recording, confidentiality of information. 2 We need to have an awareness of agreed ways of working, policies, procedures and codes of practice for handling information, understanding roles and responsibilities in relation to handling information, seeking permission from the appropriate people to access records where needed. The re is also an importance of staff training
c. Review responsibilities .36 The firm’s review responsibility policies and procedures should be determined on the basis that suitably experienced engagement team members, which may include the engagement partner, review work performed by other engagement team members. Consultation .37 The firm should establish policies and procedures designed to provide it with reasonable assurance that a. Appropriate consultation takes place on difficult or contentious issues; b. Sufficient resources are available to enable appropriate consultation to take place; c. The nature and scope of such consultations are documented and are agreed upon by both the individual seeking consultation and the individual consulted;
1.1 Explain what person-centred thinking is, and how it relates to person-centred reviews and person centred planning? Person centred thinking is when you put the thoughts of the person you are looking after before your own. It’s important to know how they think and feel to know what to put into their care plans so that they are supported in the best way possible and to make them feel included 1.2 Explain the benefits of using person-centred thinking with individuals? By using person centred thinking you know how the client feels and how its best to support them but you also know what goals are possible to set for the future and also any changes that need to be made. 1.3 Explain the beliefs and values on which person centred thinking
Although there is a wide diversity of evaluation models, each with its own strengths and weaknesses, Fitzpatrick et al. (2004) and Stufflebeam (2001) assert that understanding each evaluation’s components and selecting the appropriate one is crucial to the evaluation process. A participatory evaluation approach uses stakeholders, people with an interest or “stake” in the program to be engaged in the evaluation process, so they may better understand evaluation and the program under evaluation to use the evaluation findings for decision-making purposes. This approach stresses the importance of being responsive to realities of the program and concerns of participants rather than relying on preconceptions. It is associated with a formative process evaluation as the evaluation will address whether the program is meeting
Having a program theory can help understand the status of a program and can assist in identifying the type of evaluation that can be done and also if it is in the beginning of a program the design phase can use the program theory to ensure that preconditions for its success is put in place. It also helps in selecting the hypothesis to explore and measure in a systematic manner A sound program theory can help identify problems in the design whether in the theory of action or theory of change and help identify stages of implementation where monitoring and evaluation needs to be done by looking at critical aspects that are to be monitored with respect to inputs process outcomes and any key factors that may affect the outcome and to ensure that the program is working well and on track. It can also help identify key evaluation questions regarding the program. Thus, having a sound program theory will help us identify which part of the causal links failed and the reasons. It will help judge assumptions that were made during the design phase and help make judgements of whether a particular outcome needs to be evaluated as the activities were designed during the program theory and the various success criteria were defined along with the program and non-program factors for the intended outcome and since these details are present it is easier to decide if an evaluation needs to be done now or
Survey research relies on a questionnaire or other measuring instrument to record responses. By conducting survey research the team must develop an understanding of the area to be researched. To do this correctly other research methods such as observational research and secondary data research are to be used to support, improve and supplement the chosen survey method rather than replace it. During the survey research stage great diligence must be undertaken to ensure that error is as minimal as possible. Types of errors that can occur include; 1.
Section III. Choice of Research Method: Quantitative, Qualitative or Mixed? The selection of data analysis techniques to deal with research questions or hypotheses and the techniques chosen for the data collection is informed and guided by what we call the research method. Hence, research method is a procedure, and also the analytical techniques to be chosen and the methods to be chosen will also be dictated by the choices of the methodologies made and by the theoretical framework (Sumner and Tribe, 2008). Research methods for knowledge claim and strategies is of three types: quantitative, qualitative, and mixed methods.