Direct democracy is all the power places in the hands of individual. When a political decisions must be made, all members of a polity stick together and individually have a vote. Representative democracy is to set up a medium political actor between the individual and the policy outputs of the state. Through the election, people are elected and assigned with the task of making decisions on behalf of the group of citizens that they represent. Democracy in Malaysia Malaysia is a federation of 13 states which is operating within a constitutional monarchy under the Westminster parliamentary system and also known as a representative democracy.
BRITISH INSTITUTIONS: PARLIAMENT AND MONARCHY 1. What is the Parliament? The Parliament is the supreme legislative body of the United Kingdom, the Crown dependences and overseas territories. It possesses legislative supremacy and ultimate power over the rest of political bodies in the UK and its territories. It examines what the Government is doing, creates new laws, retains the power to tax fixation and it is where the concerns of the day are debated.
It should run government affairs as per the law and the interpretation given to it by the Courts. The Executive branch consist of the the prime minister who has the responsibility of the National Assembly. It is the President of the State who will appoint the Prime Minister. The Prime Minister recommends the President for the appointment of the Council. Directing and controlling the Government is the Council of Ministers (cabinet responsibility.
Then, the end of the Second World War limited the power and influence of the Monarch. Nowadays, in the United Kingdom, the Monarchy is known as constitutional monarchy. It means, although the Monarch is the Head of State, the ability to make or pass legislation is under the elected Parliament. The question is, how big is the power of the Queen? and how influential is she?
It is this organ which implements the laws passed by the legislature and the government’s policies. It is comprised of the president who is the head of the state, vice president, the prime minister who is the head of the government and the ministers. (K,K. Ghai. Political theory and Contemporary International Relations ) Parliament exercises oversight of the executive branch to ensure that it undertakes its responsibilities in exercising various policies for the benefit of the country.
Thailand like many other places has had many governments with many different rulers, each ruling in their own ways. But currently they are ruled by a unitary government. With the current prime minister being Prayut Chan-o-cha. Misachi (2018) tells, To become the premier they are elected by the lower house of parliament, and must be approved by the King. The premier is the Head of the house of representatives, head of the executive branch, and head of the cabinet.
UNIVERSITY OF STELLENBOSCH Political Science 252 Brooks, Mitchell J The Legislature 7/11/2014 . 1. Introduction This essay will discuss the legislative branch of government with the objective of highlighting important issues that restrain the legislature’s ability function efficiently in the political system and the potential implications of establishing a strong legislative branch of government. By exploring the tasks that form part of the legislature, their relative internal structures, elective procedures, autonomy, composition and accountability, a more comprehensive understanding of the dynamics of the legislative branch of government becomes possible. 2.
Parliamentary system is a general government system are used in many countries, there are two types of parliamentary democracies, the Westminster (originates from the British Houses of Parliament) and consensus systems. A parliamentary system is a bicameral system with two chambers of parliament, House of Senate and House of People. The representative mostly from the election, who won the voted. This system were divided into three component executive, legislative and judiciary. Normally parliamentary system related with constitutional monarchies, this mean the ruler as head of state in the country while the head of government usually a member of the legislature.
The term ‘Sources of Malaysian Laws’ means the legal sources, in other words, the legal rules that make up the law in Malaysia. The main sources of Malaysian law comprise of written law and unwritten law. Written law comprises statute law and subsidiary legislation; whilst unwritten law comprises case law or common law. Written law includes the Federal and State Constitutions – the Federal Constitution is the supreme law of the land. There are also Constitutions of the thirteen States comprising the Federation, which form part of the written law in Malaysia.
Question 2 Discuss the role of the Yang di-Pertuan Agong in the Malaysian system of government. The incomparable leader of State, Yang di-Pertuan Agong (YDPA) is likewise in a roundabout way turn into the heads of three for country’s legislature system’s part namely the Executive Body, Legislative Body, and Judiciary Body. Yang di-Pertuan Agong is those incomparable head of state similarly as given by that constitution. The full title to as much greatness is Seri Paduka Baginda Yang di-Pertuan Agong. The Yang di-Pertuan Agong will be chosen each five quite some time on understanding for a pivoting progression framework dead set toward those meeting about leaders.