Likewise, the United States has emulated “doublethink” when it presents itself as convenient. For example, President Donald Trump coined the term “alternative facts” to news networks reporting negatively on him. Consequently, some people have come to believe doublethink, not knowing the difference between truth and lies just as in 1984. Additionally, the totalitarian society compromises history books and newspapers to fabricate information. "Who controls the past controls the future; who controls the present controls the past” (18).
He also states that even though journalists can express their viewpoints freely, they should prevent offensiveness and rudeness and they should never make any decision that would affect their truthfulness. Freedom of expression is essential in the media because it is a strong indication that there is democracy but it should not pass the extent of rudeness. According to Haridakis (1999), there is a difference between freely expression your opinion and unethical commentator behavior such as delivering information with knowledge, escorted by opinion without explanation and soothsaying without heed of consequences (p. 230). Journalists’ role in the media is to educate the public with facts and leave them to make a decision based on these facts without ruining the reputation of the subjects included. There should be a better understand of the appropriate balance between the right to freedom of expression and the need to protect reputations (Boyle, 2000).
According to Glenn Greenwald and Ewen MacAskill, “Unlike the collection of those call records, this surveillance can include the content of communications and not just the metadata.” Privacy in today’s world has become a thing of the past with advancement of surveillance technology similar to those exploited by the Ministry of Love. Likewise, according to Eugene Samuel, “ But critics of the project are calling for it to be scrapped, saying it allows the US government an unprecedented window on every citizen 's life, and risks causing miscarriages of justice.” Although they claim that the intrusive and deteriorating effect is necessary for protecting the state, giving up personal freedoms for a threat whose existence
As a result, people have created a vicious cycle in which they search, read, believe, and share what they have read, without considering the reliability of the information and news. Technology has influenced communication and journalism; as a result, the media has adopted a business model based on clicks and advertising. The combination of people 's need for information and the greed of news corporations have allowed for the proliferation of “fake news,” a term that has gained importance in the last two years. Fake news is “completely made up, manipulated to resemble credible journalism and attract maximum attention and, with it, advertising revenue” (Hunt, 2016). News has the power to alter people’s perceptions which can impact their decisions related to economy, democratic process, and their lives and jobs.
In our increasingly interconnected society, information could spread from one end of the world to the other in a matter of seconds, via the internet. The importance of accurate and unbiased information could not be overstated. The uncovering of the recent phenomenon - fake news - has caught the attention of many governments and organisations across the globe. Fake news is either news, stories or hoaxes that are created to spread misinformation with the sole purpose of deceiving readers in order to accomplish the author 's agenda (Hunt, 2016). The perpetuation of this fake news problem has created anxiety among politicians in free democratic societies.
Rhetorical Analysis Persuasion is the result of the combination of components driving an audience to support a position. While some techniques are effective, they can be misused, misguided, and misunderstood, generating a lack of application to society. Following the foundations of persuasion, one must develop their own credibility, use logic, and emotions. In Kobutsu Malone’s article “Narcissism and Spiritual Materialism: The New Age Legacy”, there is a noticeable lack of the rhetorical strategies, ethos, pathos, and logos, belittling the persuasive effectiveness, as well as the poor utilization of kairos and style reducing the strength of his overall argument. Within the article Malone expresses his desire for the New Age to stop materializing
Spin Doctoring Spin Doctoring can be defined as a process of giving favorable interpretation of things and events to the media, especially on behalf of a political party. The term “spin,” which means the interpretation or slant placed on events was derived from a sporting metaphor, where the pool player puts the spin on the cue ball. Doctor in its own meaning was derived from the allegorical uses of the word to mean patch up. Then also the fact that only professionals were assigned to the job. The term “spin doctor” was first coined by American novelist Saul Bellow, in his 1977 Jefferson Lecture about political actors.
In many cases, propaganda is become useful in times of crisis to shift public opinion and make people believe what is not true. Often, it is hard to tell the credibility of the information or whether it is true or false as it is usually confusing and totally unfair, in fact, most people find out the truth long after the information has served its purpose. While active, propaganda complicates and prolongs disputes while entrenching negativity in the minds of the people. Coming in an emotive language, more institutions like government, media, and companies have increased the frequency of using propaganda. Propaganda spreads in different media, and the advent of new technologies has only acted to sophisticate and facilitate its
It is how the powerful manipulate the powerless in order to fulfil the needs of those with power. What one may have here is a latent conflict, which consists in a contradiction between the interests of those exercising power and the real interests of those they exclude. These latter may not express or even be conscious of their interests, but ... the identification of those interests ultimately always rests on empirically supportable and refutable hypotheses (Lukes 2005). This is a vitally important power source used in politics and is fundamental in order to succeed. This power was even referred to by Lukes (1974) as “insidious” in nature, as it is seen as almost an abuse of power from those in higher positions especially the political elite on those more vulnerable or open to manipulation of working class background in
She effectively demonstrates that people are now capable of creating problems by sharing their opinions or altered information through the internet. She is not blaming the technology, but instead warning us, as people, to be careful as to what we believe or post for everyone to see because not everything on the internet is true. Her argument successfully used the story involving President Obama’s birth certificate after assuming his role in the White House. Who 's to say that the only reason I support her argument is because I already showed similar viewpoints to the
Congress as of early 2015 is becoming more and more aware of such unconstitutional tactics that agencies such as the FBI, or NSA are implementing on citizens, and deemed that the Patriot act needs to be reformed, even though it was only a little bit of a reformation. The House passed the USA Freedom Act which would attempt to restrain the nation’s surveillance state, while expanding other key parts that are supposed to expire by the end of 2015. (Miller, 2015) This means that the NSA would completely stop the programs mentioned by whistle blower Edward Snowden, and make NSA tactics more clear, and public for citizens to see. This was a little victory for the citizens who are burdened by the Patriot Act, but definitely something
First, the media can easily persuade the American people to think what they want for instance; in the movie Wag the Dog they make the public believe that they really are at war when everything they are showing is fake (movie). “The vast majority of journalists at these major outlets are generally liberal” and so if they are liberal they will write what they think about the situation (Washington Examiner). By them doing that they get all the American people to believe what they believe. “Some claiming that there is no such thing as media bias and that the republican candidates were just upset about the tough questioning” which is really just another one of the writers opinions. If they
The bi-partisan government in the United States of America is further divided by the ways of the internet. The internet only makes it more readily available to find false information to prove your side of the arguement right.In the article titled “The Things People Say: Rumors in an age of unreason,” published in The New Yorker (November 2009), staff writer Elizabeth Kolbert discusses The spread of rumors across the internet and how it further divides the bipartisan government and argues that due to the filtering of ideas people are more likely to go against evidence when there are people that support their opinions. The author supports this claim by providing examples such as the study done in 1970, quoting multiple sources beyond her political
When personal arguments aroused a particular one stood out, copying everyone’s opinions makes you not behave according to what is morally right, although in addition to being fair. This makes you “unjust” because a person is quick to judge without a single thought put into the situation. It is now to be determined, is it absolutely just about the boy being guilty or further than what is stirring beneath the surface?