In the division of responsibilities in the family are also important gaps that make the distribution of responsibilities are not equal. Which will ultimately have an impact on the delay of a career woman, whiches followed by their difficulty in doing the job full time. According to a survey circulated this results in lower average revenue earned per hour women about 16% and even, approximately 31% per year. The combination of lower working hours owned and can be done by women with hourly compensation rate is also lower obtained woman
While the health care system is improving, people become healthier and it helps to increase the life expectancy. What are the impacts of the aging population on the economy context? a) Labor Force Supply and Productivity There will be a decline in the supply of labor force among the young populations as the total fertility rate decreases. The involvement of older generations is a good thing as it helps to reduce the shortage of skilled workers. Although older workers tend to have more skills and abilities, the young workers would probably have something that can lead to innovation or development of the new ideas.
in fact some researchers believe that poor economic circumstances could be a contributing factor to other negative aspects of early motherhood. According to gibbs, fergusson, horwood & boden, (2014) younger mothers report economic hardships to the extent of having insufficient money to meet their daily needs. Besides, compared with elder mothers young mothers prove to be more likely to receive welfare benefits. Furthermore it was proven that younger mothers find it harder to make any saving, and many of those were unable to make any saving at all. More economic related disadvantages of early motherhood include the fact that the mother and her child living standards were more likely to be quite low living in overcrowded conditions, and more likely to be urged to make several moves to relocate during short time
There is a so-called phenomenon of “family decline” which illustrates how smaller families fit better to the modern social and economic environment as well as its challenges towards divorce and cohabitation. Bengtson (2001: 1) lists the following communicational advantages of an extended family as contrasted to the nuclear family type: the demographic changes of population aging which result in better information and experience sharing between generations; better involvement of grandparents and other family members / relatives in fulfilling family functions; and increased and resilient intergenerational solidarity over time. I also indicate that family multigenerational relations are increasingly diverse because of (a) changes in family structure, involving divorce and stepfamily relationships; (b) the increased longevity of kin; (c) the diversity of intergenerational relationship “types.” Moreover, most advocates of the extended families emphasize that large family size promotes mutual help, independence and self-reliance. Children learn to help each other and care about themselves from the early age and are better prepared for their future adult life in terms of non-egoism, self-sufficiency and self-support, whereas children raised in nuclear family tend to be more egoistic and spoiled with both gifts and attention.
- Small Central America, Peru (Inca), and Chile (Inca) belong to femininity societies. - Mexico (Aztec), Venezuela, Columbia, and Ecuador belong to masculinity societies. • The Future of Differences in Masculinity and Femininity - In the masculine cultures, the poor part grows more quickly. - The affluent part grows faster in the feminine cultures. - Due to the old population’s age, the wealthy countries may shift to female cultures towards because the elders become more socialize; and the level of ego decreases.
Katie Bardaro, from Pay Scale Human Capital, once said “The real issue here is not the gender wage gap, but the jobs wage gap. People are filling positions according to gender, with higher-paid positions being filled by men and lower-paid positions being filled by women. That needs to change” In addition, men and women have differences on how they get paid. People think that men should get paid more because they think that they can do so much more, when women can do the same amount as a man can. Although we live in a society where men earn more money for the same job, this gender gap needs to stop, because equal pay can end poverty for single mothers, makes it harder to provide for family, and can overall will help society.
Older age men involved more in family planning (Ling & Tong, 2017). Gender : Gender inequality is one of the factors that affects decision-making on family planning issues. Many women in Marwanza agreed that family planning methods helped improve their health status and space children but they
Firstly, demographic transition adds to the labour supply as a larger number of young people join the working age groups. Moreover, more women are likely to enter the workforce as family size declines. Secondly, the demographic transition is supposed to encourage the growth of savings as the working age people save more as compared to the young and the old consume more than they produce. The increased private household savings provide the capital accumulation needed to finance growth. Finally, the demographic transition is supposed to have significant effects on investments in human capital.
Some effects that happen are crucial for women mostly. Such as sexual harassment and paychecks and whos more likely to get applied for better jobs. Studies show that men are more likely to get better jobs and their paychecks are better than women’s by 20%. As it says on “one young world, we need solutions”, “17.5 percent less pay in Australia and 20% less in Hong Kong. to experience some form of sexual harassment or discrimination – over 28% of women
treating her husband like a king. Although this is not severely observed in the modern times, it is still evident that the wife is under the husband. The authors added that with the transformation of Korea from an agricultural country into an industrialized country changed the views of the people towards family life. More and more women are using contraceptives thus, contributing to the declining birth rate of the country. The preference of women to have one to three children today has changed the norm of having a stem family.