These critics are too hasty to judge and are likely to have not read Fukuyama’s book in its entirety. Fukuyama asserts that liberal democracy will be the final form of human government and neither claim that events will stop occurring in the future nor imply a world free of conflicts . Moreover, it is highly doubtful that the ideas espoused by these groups are representative of the larger Muslim community. Furthermore, given that the large majority of these terrorist attacks occur in predominately Muslim countries, and that the majority of the victims of such attacks are Muslims , it is likely that the perpetrators of such attacks would invoke repulsion and repudiation by the Muslim communities they seek to represent. This would further inhibit the spread and outreach of Islamic fundamentalism and lend strength to the argument that Islamic fundamentalism represent no viable threat to the liberal democratic model of human government outlined in Fukuyama’s
In the early years, Safavid Empire was held together by conquering new territories and the need to defend its empire from the aggressive Ottoman Empire. However, when the threat from the Ottoman Empire was over, the leaders of the Safavid Empire became relaxed and corrupt. They passed their power to a religious council of wise men namely the Shi’a ulama. In the 18th century, the religious council proclaimed the first Islamic Republic in the world. It was declared that only a Mujahidin (a person well conversant with Quran law) could become a leader.
With Zaghlul returned from exile, and the Egyptian delegation granted the chance to travel to Versailles, as they initially intended, Zaghlul conducted interviews with foreign newspapers to present Egypt’s case, however, was met with little interest by other countries. The Egyptians became disenchanted with Wilson and any hope of support from the United States when the Americans formally recognized the British protectorate on April 22, 1919. Despite not having garnered international support for their cause, the Egyptian nationalists still tried to negotiate terms with the British for independence based on their right to self-determination. Between 1919 and 1922, attempts to secure a constitutional monarchy failed until, finally, in 1922, the British unilaterally decided to grant Egypt formal sovereignty, in fear of avoiding another revolution. By causing the notion of nationalism and the right to self-determination to disseminate in the Egyptian population, Egypt’s nationalist leaders helped trigger a revolution with enough political influence to, finally, provoke the British to grant Egypt its
The Malaysia Federation ,was instilled and proposed by Tunku Abdul Rahman who was notably the first prime minister of the newly country, Malaysia. The Malaysia Federation was proposed by the fact that politically, it was to enhance Sabah, Sarawak, Brunei and Singapore independence. During that time communist ideology was at large, Malaysia Federation, supported by the British was to curb this Threat. Economically it is also to boost the economy for the people and the states. And lastly, on a social point of view to bring greater harmony amongst the cultural heritage of all states primarily the malay cultural connections.
When it comes to religion, Muslims have courage to be slayed for its integrity. When British Government showed their bad intentions against Muslims, Muslim world geared up to stop them. Not only Muslims from entire world joined hands but also Hindus of Sub-continent supported them in every manner. This became the best example of unity. Khilafat Movement: Khilafat Movement was a political-religion Movement started by the Muslims of the India for the preservation of the Ottoman Caliphate and to take steps to stop the Muslim’s holy places to go under the control of the Non-Muslims.
The conflict between the Al-Shabaab and Somalia has been ongoing since 2006. The Al-Shabaab has been fighting in order to create an Islamic State (Who Are Somalia's Al-Shabab?). They are a known terrorist group that are trying to enforce the Shariah laws by using children (Who Are Somalia's Al-Shabab?). The Al-Shabaab is currently in need of new recruits and are kidnapping children to increase their manpower and revenue. About 300,000 boys and girls are kidnapped annually from Somalia, Kenya and Ethiopia each year (Government of Somalia).
One of which is the political aspect of Islamization. Because the majority of population are Muslim, (Malaysia Demographic Profile, 2014) the idea of Islamization was popular and different political parties uses the idea of Islamization to promote their own policies. Political Differences regarding apostates The United Malays National Organisation (UMNO) is the largest political party in Malaysia. (Malaysia: History) UMNO emphasizes on upholding the Malay nationalism, and the dignity or race, religion and country. UMNO aims to create a “modern” Islam, whereby they can contribute to the resurgence of Islam as an intellectual and cultural force.
In the early 19th century, Sheik Usman dan Fodio launched an Islamic reform movement, aimed at removing Hausa leaders he saw as corrupt and as ‘indulging’ un‐Islamic practices. With his followers, he declared a jihad between 1802 and 1812, by which time he established a federation of Islamic states known
Khilafat movement was a religious-political movement launched by Muslims of the British India for the retention of the Ottoman caliphate or Khilafat-e-usmania and not for letting for the Muslims holy places goes under the control of non Muslims. During the First World War turkey sided with Germany and as Germany started to lose turkey also started losing its territory. By the first time world war came to an end in 1918 turkey had lost most of it territory, therefore the issue at that time was how the allied power would treat turkey, the ottoman empire or the Khilafat e usmania and most of its territory had been occupied and this movement was on its peak from 1919 to 1922, although it went on during the letter years. Being brothers the Indian