Forensic biology will provide critical leads concerning the people who committed the murder. By examining the DNA evidence obtained from the crime scene, the law enforcement officials can be able to identify the suspects (Kayser, 2017). Identifying the suspects will require the law enforcement officials to match samples of possible suspects with those obtained from the crime scene. A non-match could be a strong indicator that the suspect was not involved.
Forensic anthropology is the branch of anthropology which deals with the recovery of remains as well as the identification of skeletal remains which involve detail knowledge of osteology (skeletal anatomy and biology). In other words, forensic anthropology is the application of anthropological knowledge and techniques in the identification of human remains in medico-legal and humanitarian context. Forensic anthropology includes the identification of skeletal, decomposed or unidentified human remains. Forensic anthropology may also help determine the age, sex, stature and unique features of deceased from their remains. Personal identification is one of the main aspects of medico-legal and criminal investigations.
The second of Cogdell’s constitutional rights to be violated involves a case decided before the Miranda case, but is still applicable nonetheless. Police lied to Thomas throughout the interrogation, but most importantly telling him that they found a fingerprint on the bag that they were going to use to convict him. In reality, investigators could
A comparison between the Due process model and crime control model Within the criminal justice system, there are two competing models: the crime control model and the due process model. These two models were constructed by Robert Packer and each represents a particular school of thought. In managing crime, there is the individual i.e. the suspect and there is the society. The due process model is seen to focus on the suspect whereas the crime control model focuses on the society.
This already proves that he is capable of harming women. Next, Dr. Louhelainen, a forensic geneticist at Liverpool John Moores University claims he “found the mitochondrial DNA taken from the shawl at the crime scene matched a direct descendent of Eddowes and a decendent of Kominski’s sister” (Klein). They have direct evidence linking him to the murder. Also, Jack the Ripper had a blood trail leadind to a wall where he wrote “the Jewes are not men to be blamed for nothing” (Harrison and Hall). Kominski is Jewish, so there is a possibility this act is out of anger for his people.
INTRODUCTION Obtaining a detailed account of a crime is often a challenge for the police and most of the time it relies heavily on the collecting of physical evidence and also the questioning of eyewitnesses. All information is integral for the police in their direction of investigation, therefore it is important to understand the types of information and what it does to help with solving the case. The different types of information can be gathered from victims, witnesses, offenders and form of objects such as, forensic samples, audio and video recordings and documents (Stelfox, 2012: 86). Whilst physical evidence are usally being further analysed before elucidating more about a crime, eyewitnesses are often the next important source for enquiring more leads to further investigation. In absence to definitive proof, eyewitnesses’ accounts often act as vital evidence to the police and judges in their decision to prosecute a suspect.
The main object of criminal law is to protect society against offenders and law-breakers. To fulfil this object law holds out threats of penalties to prospective lawbreakers and also make the actual offenders suffer the prescribed punishments for their crimes. Criminal law consists of both the substantive criminal law and the procedural criminal law. Substantive criminal law gives the definition of offences and also prescribes punishments for the same, while the procedural law prescribes the procedure to administer the substantive law. The principal statues which deals with administration of criminal justice in our country are criminal procedure code i.e.
Sociology of Law and Order Introduction The act of examining why people commit crime is very vital because it assists in knowing how crime is handled. Because of this, many theories have come up that try to explain why crime occurs and the possible remedies to the causes. When crime is committed, every society would have its own way of framing laws that can be used to punish lawbreakers. Thus, the kind of punishment given to a criminal depends on the society one is living in. what becomes obvious is that no matter what punishment the society gives, the decision is affected by theories of punishment.
Police officers usually get search warrants by convincing a neutral and detached magistrate in a written statements (affidavits) based on their observations, or police informants that they have probable cause to believe that criminal activity is occurring at the place to be searched or that evidence of a crime may be found there. In addition, the police officers are able to interrogate people in search for evidence or useful information regarding the offence committed or a suspected incidence likely to cause security threats among the
A sworn statement also known as an affidavit is a written or typed statement of facts taken under an oath. A sworn statement is used due to the facts it contains important information used in investigations. Sworn witness statements differ depending in the use and intention of the document. In terms of criminal investigations, the most common sworn witness statements are the ones taken by police or other members whom are commissioners of oaths. Sworn witness statements can also be used in civil matters but are usually drawn up by legal practitioners.