Importance Of Forest In Pakistan

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Internship report Chapter # 01 Forests in Pakistan
I. Introduction of forests

“A forest is a large area dominated by trees. Hundreds of more precise definitions of forest are used throughout the world, incorporating factors such as tree density, tree height, land use, legal standing and ecological function. According to the widely used Food and Agriculture Organization definition, forests covered four billion hectares (15 million square miles) or approximately 30 percent of the world's land area”.

II. Main types of forests in Pakistan
Although the landmass of Pakistan offers diverse soil conditions but the area under forests despite very
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Importance of forests
Importance of Forest is as below.
IV. Bring Rainfall: Forests are responsible for rains on the land. Due to forests, the clouds get cooled and convert to rain water. So one can notice heavy rainfall in the areas of forests and around. Forests slower the monsoon currents (winds) and let the clouds move slower over land. They also provide suitable low temperature for the water-vapor in the clouds to convert into water droplets and cause rain. Hence there are no rains in the deserts.
V. Prevent Soil erosion: Soil erosion is a common natural activity happening due to winds and floods. Growing of forests help minimize this soil erosion in the nearby farms. The importance of soil is too much that we can afford to lose the fertile top layers. This soil is useful to grow crops and trees.
VI. Reduce the effect of natural calamities: In case of natural disaster like tsunami, floods, hurricanes, cyclonic winds etc. Presence of abundant forests helps us minimize the effects of their tsunamis, floods and cyclonic winds. Hence when there was tsunami disaster, the areas with many trees at the seashore had less damage than areas without any
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Minimize the pollution: It reduces air, sound and even thermal pollution. Forest has many plants and trees. The air on the earth moves from one place to another. Similarly the gas and air pollution diffuses to all over the air and get less severe. Presence of forest nearby helps these pollutants to be absorbed from the air.
IX. Economic importance: Forest has a great economic importance. Sometimes the economy of a region depends largely on forests. Forests provide many natural resources which are of great value for money. For example in the recent times, the red sandal wood from the forests of Andhra Pradesh have been found to be of immense value and the authorities are planning to capitalize the sale of the wood to run the government welfare schemes for the people. Similarly in Africa and other areas, the forest reserves are found to be of immense wealth to the nation.
X. Wood for Furniture: Forests are the sole reserve for best woods needed for furniture. There are many kinds of woods for different purposes like insect repellent ones (neem), red sandal; teak etc. can be found in

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