Importance Of Gender Inequality In India

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Gender Ratio in India

Gender equality is a core development objective in its own right. Greater gender equality can enhance productivity, improve development outcomes for the next generation, and make institutions more representative. Gender ratio is a term used to describe the number of females per thousand males. It is an important and useful parameter to measure gender equity in a society at a given period of time.
Gender inequality has been a historic worldwide phenomenon. Various civilizations, cultures and traditions have contributed to this inequality on the basis of certain gender assumptions. In India, cultural influences favour the preference for sons for reasons related to kinship, lineage, inheritance, identity, status, and economic security. The secondary status assigned to women due to the patriarchal norms affects women’s health, financial status, education and political involvement. Women are commonly married young, quickly become mothers, and are then burdened by stringent domestic and financial responsibilities. They are frequently malnourished since women typically are the last members of a household to eat and the last to receive medical attention. Women receive little schooling, and suffer from unfair and biased inheritance and divorce laws. These
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There are also countries like Somalia, where the gender inequality index is 0.776, with a maximum of 1 denoting complete inequality, placing Somalia, at the fourth highest position globally. Women in Somalia have limited penetration into the decision making spheres, perpetuating narrow gender based roles and inequalities. India is thus considered the most dangerous place in the world for a girl child to be
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