Operations in Afghanistan badly needed to have a United States tactical leader to command and control them according to Central Command (CENTCOM) General Franks and LTG Mikolashek. They decided Major General (MG) Hegenbeck, the commander of the 10th Mountain Division, would be the perfect candidate. MG
Introduction: In present era, foreign affairs has very important role in country’s prosperity. In order to survive in this world, it is necessary for every country to develop good relations with other countries and for this purpose every country shapes a foreign policy on the basis of national, regional and international factors. As Pakistan is an important South Asian, Middle Eastern and Central Asian country so Pakistan has also set some rules for its policy on the basis of national, regional and international interest. Foreign policy of every country is getting complex in order to cop up with the globe, as this world is interdependent. The National Interest: Every country’s first priority is its own country.
The Indian victory against Pakistan in 1971 was one of the greatest examples of operational art and the largest combined arms operation after World War 2. It was a masterpiece of Political objective, Strategic vision, operational planning and tactical execution. It is important to understand why it was seen as such a great victory. Warfare is usually divided into Positional attrition warfare (think World War 1, Iran-Iraq war or even the India-China war / India-Pakistan war of 1965) or maneuver driven situational warfare. The concept of maneuver warfare was propounded (at around the same time) by various European warfare experts, B.H.Liddel Hart (England) and Mikail Tucahavesky (shot dead by Stalin, and one of THE finest military minds the world has ever seen) was it’s greatest exponent.
Since its establishment, the United States of America’s strategic foreign policies have adapted and expanded with the evolving world. The country’s use of soft and hard power politics from the Cold War to the present, highlight the country’s adapting foreign policies in a diverse world. There are many factors that play a major role in how foreign policy is developed. For example, national security, public opinion, humanitarian issues, and differentiating ideologies, all can provoke global issues. Every situation requires a different reaction.
For Pakistan, they have been the closest Muslim ally to Saudi Arabia. This is because there was many events that proven the closeness of their relationship. For example, Saudi Arabia has been known for providing political asylum and giving economic aid to Pakistan. It is not too much to say that Saudi Arabia has been the biggest economic contributor for Pakistan. In exchange of the economic and political aid given by Saudi Arabia, Pakistan responded by giving security and military aid to
Ahmer (2014) in his article The myth of Pakistani nationalism states that nationalism can play positive as well as the negative role like it can unite or divide a country. When Pakistan appeared on the world map as an autonomous and sovereign state, it was regarded as a distinctive country for the reason that it has diverse cultural, religious and geological distinctiveness. But, Pakistan turned out to be the first post-colonial state to have fragmented on the source of ethnic nationalism. As Muslims comprise an irresistible majority of the population of Pakistan, consequently, Islam cannot be in jeopardy or is in menace, whereas, Pakistan 's endurance is at risk because of massive internal and external fear. As a result, what is necessary in order to save Pakistan from more insecurity and decomposition of its sovereignty is the endorsement and encouragement of Pakistani nationalism by having focal point on three chief things.
Managing Ethnic Diversity and Federalism in Pakistan I. Introduction Ethnic mobilisation and conflicts are not new phenomenon but their contemporary globe manifestation in frequency and intensity is a new development, which needs careful reflection and detailed examination. Since more than 90 percent of the nations states are heterogeneous and this heterogeneity is likely to increase as a result of global migration patterns; ethnic conflicts and the resultant political tensions are likely to become even more pervasive in the coming years. This global manifestation of ethnicity has attracted significant attention from social scientists. Since developed as well as developing countries are experiencing ethnic tensions, the problem of political instability caused by ethnic conflicts seems to be more acute in the developing world.
The capital of Sindh is Karachi, which is also the largest city of the province. Sindh is one of the most culturally rich provinces of Pakistan. With its rich cultural and historical heritage Sindh has a great potential for further development in many aspects. Sindh is bestowed with flowing rivers, fertile agricultural land, beautiful mountains and most importantly a rich cultural heritage. It has been seen; in Sindh’s history that Sindh has not only been a source of livelihood for its own people but also for its neighbors.
It was the hardwork of centuries and its bases were traced back to a pure muslim legacy of ruling. It had its roots in the society. The changes in political sys, on the arrival of British to sub-continent left strong cultural marks in India. Pakistan and
CHAPTER – I INTRODUCTION AND RESEARCH METHODOLOGY Background India and Bangladesh share deep ties of culture and history. The significance of geography and interdependence demand that the two countries should work together. Yet, their relations have seen many ups and downs. Bangladesh is important for India’s security and affluence and at the same time, Bangladesh can gain hugely from a closer relationship with India. In times gone by, Indo-Bangladesh relations have had a checkered history.