Phonetic Differences In Germany

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German The Language of Economy and Knowledge
It is said that the stronger the country the stronger and the dominant its language. German is one of the most commonly language in the world. In this essay I will explain why German is important to be studied. The phonetic differences between Arabic and German. Also, I would refer to some of the major references that I would consultant. I have chosen German for phonetic analysis for many reasons. First, Germany is one of the strongest economic power in the world. It is the second largest exporter in the world. The economy of German ranks the first position in Europe and the forth one in the world. Although Spanish is the second spoken language
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This means that German words often sound the way they are spelled—with constant sounds for any given spelling. There are many phonetic differences between German and Arabic. In this paragraph I will refer briefly to some of the main differences. Of course, in later versions I would explain these differences profoundly. First , Let's compare the alphabets of both languages. German has 26 alphabets like English plus the three umlaut vowels ä, ö and ü whereas Arabic has 28 alphabets. second, it is worth to have a look on consonants differences of both German and Arabic. On the one hand, German doesn’t have some consonants that Standard Arabic has. For instance, German doesn’t have the dental θ and ð sounds. Although it has the cluster (th) but it is pronounced like (t) in English. Also, German doesn't have the voiceless uvular plosive ق q like in the word qәmәr(moon). Moreover, In German phonetics there is no voiced pharyngeal frictionless continuant ς ع like ςәql (mind) nor voiceless pharyngeal fricative ḥح as in hali:b (milk). In addition, The voiceless velarized denti alveolar plosive ŧ طas in ŧi:n (soil) is not existing in German nor the voiced velarized denti-alveolar plosive đ ض as in đәςi:f (weak). Furthermore, German seems to not have the voiceless velarized alveolar fricative Ṣ ص ṣәḥḥәh(health). Interestingly, despite German has the letter z but it doesn't have the voiced alveolar fricative z ز as…show more content…
In this paragraph I would refer to some of them. The first book I will consultant is The Germanic Languages, edited by E Konig, J Van der Auwera (1994). Routledge. This book addresses a group of Germanic languages; one of which is German. It presents a brief linguistic description about German. The second book is The German Language by Keller ( 1978) which was published by Faber and Faber Limited. Indeed, it is a rich and thorough source. It introduces all aspects of German language profoundly including phonetics and phonology. Third, German for Beginners by Duff Charles and Stamford Paul (1960). It was published by English Universities Press, Ltd. The book is intended to help the absolute beginners study German. It is simple and clear. It provides an adequate foundation for readers interested in exploring German. There are some other books seem pertinent such as Historical German Phonology and Morphology by CVJ Russ (1978) - Oxford University Press, USA. Also Science students' guide to the German Language by Cunningham (1958) Oxford University Press. In fact, I am going to use some websites which seem to be useful such

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