Introduction: The primary health care centers represent a crucial place for individuals seeking public health care services. They provide reachable, reasonably priced and available health care facilities for optimum care. However, they can be the reason for spread of infection particularly in case of poor practice of hand hygiene. Hand Hygiene defined as “cleaning your hands by using either handwashing, antiseptic hand wash, antiseptic hand rub, or surgical hand antisepsis” (CDC,2017). Healthcare associated infections has drawn the attention of the healthcare system because of the significant problems associated with it in terms of increase in financial cost, hospitalization, morbidity and mortality.
Healthcare waste management General In the process of healthcare, waste is generated. It usually includes sharps, human tissues or body parts and other infectious materials. The amount of laboratory wastes in hospitals is being generated due to the use of more disposable products (Baveja et al 2000). The waste produced in the course of healthcare activities carries a high potential for infection and injury than any other waste. The work environment can be polluted, and consequently healthcare personnel and patients can be impacted (MOHSW 2006) Characteristics of healthcare waste Healthcare waste management includes all activities involved in waste generation, segregation, transportation, storage, treatment and disposal of all types of waste
Pylori infection is on a steep decline in most of the western countries mainly due to the success of combination therapies and improve personal hygiene and community sanitation to prevent re-infection.The situation is not improving in many of the developing countries due to failure of treatment regimes and emergence of durg resistance. The infection in some cases leads to chronic superficial gastritis, chronic active gastritis, peptic ulcer disease and gastric adenocarcinoma.Humans are the only important reservoir of H.Pylori.  Children may acquire the organism from their parents (more often from the mother) or from other children. H.pylori is easily cultured from vomitus and gastroesophageal refluxate and is less easily cultured from stool. One of the most distinctive features of H.pylori is the genetic diversity between clinical isolates obtained from different patient populations.
Increase the Awareness of Chronic Kidney Disease What is Chronic Kidney Disease? Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a progressive loss in kidney function. Every kidney has about a million tiny filters, which are nephrons. At the initial stage, healthy nephrons will take on the extra work when some nephrons are damaged. But if the damage continues, more and more nephrons shut down and even stop filtering blood effectively so that patients’ health will be affected.
1 AUTOMATIC KAPOSI SARCOMA DETECTION USING TEXTURE DISTINTIVENESS Mrs.S.Haseena, Assistant Professor, Department of IT, Mepco Schlenk Engineering College, Sivakasi. Tamilnadu,India. firstname.lastname@example.org, Abstract— As there is a growing emphasis on skin cancer detection, Kaposi sarcoma has recently received increasing attention. Kaposi sarcoma is one deadliest form of skin cancer. The time and costs required for dermatologists to screen all patients for Kaposi sarcoma are prohibitively expensive.
Care had to be individualized with each patient and it included providing respect with his or her decisions in their care. An example includes respecting the decision when a patient refused to take lactulose because it made him have frequent bowel movements. In EPIC, we would chart patient refused the medicine resulting in providing patient-centered care. For quality improvement, the unit has data on how many infections have occurred with central lines and utilize benchmarks and evidence-based practice guidelines to prevent infections. For instance, I had to perform proper hand washing and scrub the hub for at least 30 seconds with alcohol pads to prevent infections in patients who have intravenous lines.
These findings were in accordance to the primary health care scenario in India (Devdas and Elias, 2008). Also, some reported that the hand therapy certification programs running are less. Professionals after graduation are confused for post-graduation in hand compared to sports or pediatric therapy. This trend is running because of lack of awareness of scope and practice in hand as specialists. To widen up learning in hand, Hand therapy skill courses are best sources.
MRI facility plays a major role in influencing patient satisfaction. In this service their high number, diverse mix of patients, procedure-related discomforts and phobias and examination types ranging from routine imaging to emergency cases poses unique challenges.  Patient satisfaction[PS] is an expression of the gap between expected and perceived attributes of service. It is an important and commonly used indicator for measuring the quality in health care.  Patient satisfaction is an attitude.
Examples of Medical Malpractice Cases of medical malpractices have raised their ugly head quite often in last few years. We are all aware of the common malpractice cases. Birth injuries, pregnancy issues, mental health, paralysis due to wrong medications are few cases that have occurred repeatedly over a long period of time. However, malpractice cases have broken these barriers and caused harm to patients suffering from other commonly unknown diseases or disorders. We thought of listing some lesser known examples of medical malpractices and hence have come up with some examples that will broaden your perspective about the gravity of the incident.
INTRODUCTION Wound infections are one of the bad complications in patients undergoing surgeries. Consequently, infections of different organs or tissues that visible to surgeons may lead to significant increment of postoperative morbidity and mortality beside prolongation of hospital stay.1 It has been well documented that eradication of wound infection resulted in significant increment of patient comfort and decreased medical costs.2 Onche and Adedeji3 stated that Staphylococcus aureus is the predominate cause of surgical wound and nosocomial infections. Currently, the antibiotic drug resistance is a fast growing concern in wound infection management beside the risk of impairment of wound healing, bacteraemia, or even sepsis.4 National Nosocomial
All around hospitals you see where signs are up that have step by step procedures, hand washing reminders, and the list goes on; although finding studied evidence that these visual aids work was difficult to find. For this review, an article was chosen that analyzed predictors of healthcare provider stethoscope disinfection and its impact on infection control in the pediatric population. An anonymous survey was sent out and a topic that was explored was barriers to disinfections. Most believed that stethoscopes had the ability to spread infections, but nevertheless, very little healthcare providers indicated that they disinfected their stethoscope after every use. (Muniz, Sethi, Zaghi, Ziniel, & Sandora, 2012) The odds of disinfecting stethoscopes after each use were greatly decreased for healthcare providers that indicated a lack of visual reminders was a barrier to their compliance.
The morality of Healthcare acquired infections has increased tremendously whereas; both inpatient and outpatient clients have been infected during a hospital visit. These infections has weaken the sick which may lead to additional medications, or surgery, and extended hospital stay. According to (CDC 2002), healthcare acquired infections are result of unhygienic practices in medical field. This includes ambulatory surgical centers, hospice center, nursing homes and rehabilitation centers. Most common infections that plague the healthcare is Clostridium Difficule (C.diff) that lives in the intestinal tract which causes a sereve case of diarrhea.
The causative agent in clostridium difficile is a spore forming bacteria, which can be “transferred to patients mainly via the hands of healthcare personnel who have touched a contaminated surface or item” (CDC, 2015). Reasons such as these, is why it is important to teach patients about why they are on contact isolation, and why maintaining thorough hand hygiene is essential for stopping the spread of the disease throughout the hospital. Before the teaching took place, the patient was asked if any previous knowledge was held about the topic of clostridium difficile. The patient claimed no one had explained any part of the disease process or what changes needed to be made on the patient’s end of care. The patient had never had any exposure to this disease, however, the patient seemed rather eager, and was pleased that time was being taken to teach about the importance of containing clostridium
The increase of contracting infections in acute settings and intensive care units is currently of great concern. If these infections go untreated, it can consequently cause the loss of life, and increase mortality and morbidity. Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) will not pay for infections that were acquired during a hospital stay. This affects hospitals, preventing them from being financially fruitful. Urinary tract infections (UTI) are one of the most common nosocomial infections reported.
My main concern for Mr. Robins is the prevention of infections commonly associated with catheter use. According to Temiz et al, urinary tract infections are the most frequently encountered infections in intensive care units (2012, 344). UTIs are of special concern in ICUs because most patients in ICUs receive an indwelling urinary catheter to manage urine retention. The presence of the indwelling catheter has been identified as the most important risk factor in the development of UTIs (Temiz et al, 2012, 344). Some catheters are meant to be used only once.