World Heritage Tourism

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Tourism is one of the largest global industries with the highest growth rate. Along with economic opportunities such as employment creation and a high potential for growth, it is essential that social, cultural and ecological criteria be taken into account for the medium and long term sustainability of tourism operations and facilities (McNeely, 1998; Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development, 2002; and Mbaiwa, 2003). Tourism is a major force in the global trade; and it plays a vital role in the social, cultural and economic development of most nations. Inevitably, it has the potential to both preserve and destroy the heritage of a country (Holloway, 1999). Heritage tourism is a branch of tourism oriented towards the cultural…show more content…
This segment in the tourism industry has been rapidly growing in the past decade, thus rapidly led in becoming not just a good business prospect, but also a genuine vacation trend. The World Heritage Site (WHS) designation by United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) create greater opportunities for heritage site conservation. The restoration of this particular heritage site has stimulated inward investment, and increased both tourism and inward migration (UNESCO, 2004). Nowadays, heritage tourism has become a trend for tourist to travel especially to an older tourist. However, cultural heritage and ways of life have been affected by the presence of tourists. The ‘World Heritage Site’ status by UNESCO is a great potential, especially for ‘culture-heritage tourism’ sector. According to Penang Economic Monthly (2009), it explains the following: “In line with the growing numbers of global travelers seeking a different kind of holiday that is not packaged as a rushed shopping/sightseeing tour trip. Not surprisingly, many countries that heavily depend on tourism are…show more content…
According to Kreag (2001), the socio-cultural impacts of tourism need to be taken into account as communities will be the ones to live with the changes that will occur. The changes can be either positive or negative. In accordance with (Visser, 2003; Saayman & Saayman, 2004 and Mbaiwa, 2003) that tourism development in developing countries has positive socio-economic impacts on host communities. Thus the belief will be tested on the case study of Georgetown, Penang Malaysia. In this way, assessment of socio-economic impacts of tourism on communities should provide strong evidence that support the dismissal of the assumption held in the proposed study, as indicated

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