It should provide them with feedback on their skill progression, motivate them to improve and contribute greatly to their overall development. It also guides the teacher, showing them both how and what the children are learning. This, in turn, enables them to adjust their lessons to account for all students in the classroom and self-reflect on their teaching practices for future planning. Given the wide
The view of learning as restructuring and replacing old beliefs implies that transition involves unlearning as much as it does learning. A further hypothesis suggests that instruction may need to recapitulate transitions in the history of science to help learners transit from their own naive theories. Conceptual recapitulation refers to a means of remediating learning problems by retracing instructionally what should have been naturally occurring developmental stages for an individual (Case, Sandieson, & Dennis, 1986). But it might fit the historical recapitulation hypothesis as well. There also seem to be qualitative shifts in the mental models needed by learners to understand more complex systems, for example, in such domains as electricity (Frederiksen & White, in press).
Teachers can reflect on each student’s level of achievement, as well as on specific inclinations of the group, to customize their teaching plans., after receiving this information. Assessment is used as a research to find out as much as they can about what their students know, and what confusions, and prejudgment, or gaps they might have. Continuing assessment provides day-to-day feedback about the learning and teaching process. Assessment can reinforce the efficacy of teaching and learning. It also encourages the understanding of teaching as a productive process that evolves over time with feedback and input from students.
To apply formative assessment effectively in the classroom, teachers have to know about formative assessment principles so that they can optimize the opportunities for gathering evidence. In so doing, it helps improve students’ learning process. Black and William (1998a) “set out four main headings for formative assessment practice: sharing learning goals, questioning, self/ peer assessment and feedback”. o Sharing learning goals: teachers give students an opportunity to get involved in what they are learning through discussing and deciding the criteria for success, which they can then use to recognize proof of improvement. Hence, information about learning objectives as well as success criteria needs to be presented in clear, explicit language which students can understand.
Therefore a good and effective teacher’s evaluation process should be potent in order to promote, repeat and place students in various learning stages. In evaluating the students the teacher collects, analyze and produces judgments. Based on the results the teacher then decides on actions that must be taken into consideration, including changes in aims or goals. It is the source of data on which the teacher will base his/her judgments about improvements and “fine tuning” to be made. The habit of evaluating over time will help the teacher develop a well-founded professional expertise because of the way in which they test out and check what they did, and as a result they can be more accurately informed about what works and what does not.
INTRODUCTION TO CREATIVE THINKING INTRODUCTION Creative thinking can be characterized as a method for taking a look at issues or circumstances from an alternate edge that proposes elective resolutions. It includes handling a circumstance, errand, issue, or test with imaginative or distinctive considering. Creative thinking is far significantly more than a routine and an ordinary way to deal with undertakings. Creative scholars think of better approaches to do undertakings, take care of issues, and meet difficulties. They consider unheard of options, and can help departments and organizations to move in more profitable directions.
Students can use the language to fulfil a real purpose, which can make students both more independent and confident. • Students can also develop a much wider knowledge of the world through CBI which can feed back into improving and supporting their general educational needs. • CBI is very popular among EAP (English for Academic Purposes) teachers as it helps students to develop valuable study skills such as note taking, summarising and extracting key information from texts. • Taking information from different sources, re-evaluating and restructuring that information can help students to develop very valuable thinking skills that can then be transferred to other
Creativity is a thought creation. Somebody being creative is thinking of new thoughts. How do Creativity and Innovation vary is the substance of this article. Creative thoughts are new and fitting. The fittingness of the thought is basic as these creative thoughts require quality and in addition inventiveness.
Teachers who collectively exchange teaching strategies, help each other in solving both teacher and student conflicts, supports each other in acquiring and applying new knowledge on teaching, share common practice to attain school goals and aim, and share common expectations in the execution of their functions increase their performance inside the classroom. Teaching effectiveness involves deep understanding of the subject matter, learning theory and student differences, planning, classroom instructional strategies, knowing individual students, and assessment of student understanding and proficiency with learning outcomes (Barry, 2010). Thus, teachers will increase teaching effectiveness if they have the ability to reflect and collaborate with colleagues. Teachers can also increase their teaching effectiveness if they exert extra effort in doing their teaching functions. Teacher’s extra effort is demonstrated when they bring home papers to check, organize lesson plan, develop and validate
The concept of learning is changing from lecturers teaching to student learning. The assumption of this shift is based on students who are expected to improve their ability in enriching knowledge, attitudes and skills based on competencies in the curriculum. Thus, it can be said that student activeness is an indicator of meaningful learning. Meaningful learning is an approach in the management of learning systems through active learning ways toward independent learning. The ability to learn independently is the ultimate goal of meaningful learning.