Ranke’s thesis was that history should be relayed in such a way that it is both intuitive and analytic so that one can not only remember the general idea, but the particulars because “The particular bears the general within itself” (Ranke, 66). Meaning that, history, as a subject, cannot be limited to a general understanding of events; it is the details of its events that should dictate your understanding. In addition to developing Ranke’s thesis, following the two and a half century period in time of Europe’s development also serves to highlight Ranke’s ideal of the proper subject of history. This proper subject is the national identity that evolved in the face of changing tides of power, more so how and why it came to be important. He begins by following France and its power over the rest of Europe; how it gains it,
Throughout the epic tales described in J.R.R. Tolkien’s Lord of the Rings, as well as in both The Hobbit and The Silmarillion, philology and language prove to be important aspects of creating a fictional universe that has become interlaced with popular culture. With contributing factors from both Tolkien’s time as a professor of Anglo- Saxon and English literature and language and as a research associate for Oxford English Dictionary, the importance of the language to his literary works is vastly evident. However, Tolkien’s interest in philology and language stemmed from a much earlier time in his life, during which he worked on becoming competent in Latin, Greek, Gothic and Finnish. As a result of this early established interest in language,
However, at some point, these ideas needed to be questioned and debated before they became part of present culture. Looking at “A Dictionary of the English Language,” it is possible to see the significance of having a unified dictionary. What we take for granted, in the form of online dictionaries and quick internet searches, people once couldn’t conceive even existing. Looking at this work provides a glimpse into how a different time period viewed defining words and phrases. The effect of reading this, at least for myself, is a newfound appreciation for the intricacies of English language.
The task of uncovering what constitutes as knowledge is as old as philosophy itself. Analyzing knowledge is extensively considered an important mission -not only -because it reveals the necessary and sufficient conditions for knowledge but also because it allows us to suggest who exactly has knowledge of what and when. It was only in 1963 that the widely accepted “Justified True Belief” (JTB) analysis of knowledge came into question. In a two page essay Edmund Gettier provided two counter-examples which challenged our traditional notion of knowledge. This essay will evaluate if Gettier truly did “single-handedly change the course of epistemology”.
This was a time of social uncertainty as James 1 succeeded Queen Elizabeth I on the English throne. Due to this periodization overlap I will call this timeframe the Renaissance period. Unlike Othello, GM has been interpreted in different ways, readings ranging from sexual, biblical and fairy tale, to even a didactic allegory. Thus, historical context for both texts is vital to any scholarship reading them. Kirk agrees with my view that historical context is essential and argues
However, Davis’s approach employs another method that represents a new perspective of history, which known as History from Below. “This kind of history opens a new area of research to explore the historical experience of those men and women whose existence is so often ignored” (Burke 26). The New History is more concerned with the analysis of the structure. Hence, she was highly interested to write a book in this story since traditional historians left behind because their method is rather limited. The new method allows her to fill the gap in the missing information (silence on Coras’s book) by inferring from her reading of the historical record.
The Vietnam War and Iraq War were profoundly different, both in the manner in which they were executed and their outcomes, yet each war can attribute its escalation to a historical analogy among other factors. Historical analogies are utilized in making foreign policy decisions because of the psychological concept of heuristics. Simply put, a heuristic is a mental shortcut that allows people, and in this case political leaders, to solve problems and make quick and efficient judgments. Yuen Foong Khong offers that historical analogies are endearing for policy makers because they help in explaining new situations in terms that one can understand and are capable of predicating what is likely to occur (Khong). In both the Vietnam and Iraq Wars,
As the chapter leads on it explains the history of International Relations and the importance that should be placed on it and how it has developed. Schmidt discusses the complications with modern day information is not necessarily “new” (2002, 4) but has actually derived from the past, and along with this comes his ideas of how we should “approach writing the history of the field” (4). Following from this, Schmidt goes into detail about International Relations as an academic field of study and the challenges, common misconceptions and mistakes that result of modern day teaching. Schmidt covers an area on Historiography of the International Relations and the problems that have come about. The author to cover topics such as Presentism as well as paradigms and the historiography of International Relations mainly focusing on Realism.
In the following chapters, he talks on multiple aspects of the effects of America’s multiculturalism such as its effects how history is written or how it effects our schools. Now while there aren’t any counterpoints to his actually thesis, he does address how everyone does not agree on every topic. For instance, in chapter 1 “A New Race” he speaks on how some people feel that America shouldn’t have just one race and should be divided into groups based on their ancestors. The research and scholarship that Schlesinger uses supports his thesis outstandingly seeing as he uses sources that support both sides of an argument to show that multiculturalism has had many conflicting
The elitist progressive do not show many pearls of wisdom but they have put forth aside from new facts that support recent historians in bashing the old. To gain a total understanding more research needs to be done in this area and until then, the real reasons behind the Progressive movement will remain within the elitist progressive